External ventricular drainage for initial treatment of neonatal posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus: surgical and neurodevelopmental outcome.

@article{Rhodes1987ExternalVD,
  title={External ventricular drainage for initial treatment of neonatal posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus: surgical and neurodevelopmental outcome.},
  author={T T Rhodes and William Hayden Edwards and Richard L. Saunders and Robert E. Harbaugh and Charles L. Little and Lori J Morgan and Steven K. Sargent},
  journal={Pediatric neuroscience},
  year={1987},
  volume={13 5},
  pages={
          255-62
        }
}
Thirty-seven infants were treated for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) with external ventricular drainage (EVD) in 1977-1985. The mean age at EVD placement was 13 days; the mean duration of drainage was 21 days, and an average of 1.8 drains was used per patient. Complications were apnea (10%), hemorrhage (8%) and ventriculitis (6%). Ten infants died from pulmonary disease unrelated to the surgery. Thirty-two percent of the survivors did not require a permanent shunt. Neurodevelopmental… CONTINUE READING

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