External focus instructions reduce postural instability in individuals with Parkinson disease.

  title={External focus instructions reduce postural instability in individuals with Parkinson disease.},
  author={Gabriele Wulf and Merrill Russen Landers and Rebecca Lewthwaite and Thomas T{\"o}llner},
  journal={Physical therapy},
  volume={89 2},
BACKGROUND Postural instability while standing, walking, and interacting with objects or the environment places individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) at risk for falls, injuries, and self-imposed restrictions in activity. Recent research with motor skills, including those demanding postural stability, has demonstrated performance and learning advantages when performers are instructed to adopt an external rather than an internal focus of attention. Despite the potential benefits in stability… CONTINUE READING

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