External focus and autonomy support: two important factors in motor learning have additive benefits.

  title={External focus and autonomy support: two important factors in motor learning have additive benefits.},
  author={Gabriele Wulf and Suzete Chiviacowsky and Ricardo Drews},
  journal={Human movement science},
We examined whether the combination of two factors that have consistently been found to enhance motor learning - an external focus (EF) of attention and autonomy support (AS) - would produce additive benefits. Participants practiced throwing with their non-dominant arm. In a 2×2 design, they were or were not asked to focus externally (i.e., on the target), and were or were not given a choice (autonomy support). The latter involved choosing 2 5-trials blocks during practice on which they used… CONTINUE READING

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