External Validity: From Do-Calculus to Transportability Across Populations

Abstract

The generalizability of empirical findings to new environments, settings or populations, often called “external validity,” is essential in most scientific explorations. This paper treats a particular problem of generalizability, called “transportability”, defined as a license to transfer causal effects learned in experimental studies to a new population, in… (More)
DOI: 10.1214/14-STS486

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