Extensive farming in Estonia started through a sex-biased migration from the Steppe

  title={Extensive farming in Estonia started through a sex-biased migration from the Steppe},
  author={Lehti Saag and Liivi Varul and Christiana Lyn Scheib and Jesper Stenderup and Morten E. Allentoft and Lauri Saag and Luca Pagani and Maere Reidla and Kristiina Tambets and Ene Metspalu and Aivar Kriiska and Eske Willerslev and Toomas Kivisild and Mait Metspalu},
Farming-based economies appear relatively late in Northeast Europe and the extent to which they involve genetic ancestry change is still poorly understood. Here we present the analyses of low coverage whole genome sequence data from five hunter-gatherers and five farmers of Estonia dated to 4,500 to 6,300 years before present. We find evidence of significant differences between the two groups in the composition of autosomal as well as mtDNA, X and Y chromosome ancestries. We find that Estonian… 
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