Extensive degeneracy, Coulomb phase and magnetic monopoles in artificial square ice

@article{Perrin2016ExtensiveDC,
  title={Extensive degeneracy, Coulomb phase and magnetic monopoles in artificial square ice},
  author={Yann Perrin and Benjamin Canals and Nicolas Rougemaille},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2016},
  volume={540},
  pages={410-413}
}
Artificial spin-ice systems are lithographically patterned arrangements of interacting magnetic nanostructures that were introduced as way of investigating the effects of geometric frustration in a controlled manner. This approach has enabled unconventional states of matter to be visualized directly in real space, and has triggered research at the frontier between nanomagnetism, statistical thermodynamics and condensed matter physics. Despite efforts to create an artificial realization of the… CONTINUE READING

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