Extensive Geographic Mosaicism in Avian Influenza Viruses from Gulls in the Northern Hemisphere

@inproceedings{Wille2011ExtensiveGM,
  title={Extensive Geographic Mosaicism in Avian Influenza Viruses from Gulls in the Northern Hemisphere},
  author={Michelle Wille and Gregory J. Robertson and H. S. Whitney and Mary Anne Bishop and Jonathan A Runstadler and Andrew S. Lang},
  booktitle={PloS one},
  year={2011}
}
Due to limited interaction of migratory birds between Eurasia and America, two independent avian influenza virus (AIV) gene pools have evolved. There is evidence of low frequency reassortment between these regions, which has major implications in global AIV dynamics. Indeed, all currently circulating lineages of the PB1 and PA segments in North America are of Eurasian origin. Large-scale analyses of intercontinental reassortment have shown that viruses isolated from Charadriiformes (gulls… CONTINUE READING
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