Extension of the Bjorken energy density formula of the initial state for relativistic heavy ion collisions

@article{Lin2018ExtensionOT,
title={Extension of the Bjorken energy density formula of the initial state for relativistic heavy ion collisions},
author={Zi-Wei Lin},
journal={Physical Review C},
year={2018}
}

For relativistic heavy ion collisions, the Bjorken formula is very useful for estimating the initial energy density once an initial time $\tau_0$ is specified. However, it cannot be trusted at low energies, e.g. well below $\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}} \approx 50$ GeV for central Au+Au collisions, when $\tau_0$ is smaller than the finite time it takes for the two nuclei to cross each other. Here I extend the Bjorken formula by including the finite time duration of the initial energy production… Expand

A multi-phase transport (AMPT) model was constructed as a self-contained kinetic theory-based description of relativistic nuclear collisions as it contains four main components: the fluctuating… Expand