Extension Education

  • G. M. Schuen, emann, +6 authors Huma Sharif
  • Published 2010


The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a team-based educational program designed to enhance the flow of applied, researchbased, nutrition information to dairy veterinarians. A comprehensive dairy cattle nutrition curriculum was developed and participants from 11 veterinary practices located in 5 states (IN, NY, PA, NM, and OH), serving an estimated 186,150 dairy cattle in 469 herds, attended the 2 advanced nutrition modules (~2.5 d each and ~40 h of learning) in 2009. Nutrients, feeding transition cows, calves, and heifers (ration formulation/interpretation), dry mater intake, feed storage, metabolic diseases, evaluating cows (BCS, manure and lameness), metabolic blood profiles, record-keeping systems and feeding behavior were discussed. Educational materials were delivered through in-class lectures followed by case-based learning and group discussions. A farm visit and an outof-class assignment were implemented. Attendees were assessed using preand post-tests of knowledge to determine the level of knowledge gained in both nutrition modules. Participants evaluated the program and provided feedback at the conclusion of each module. Veterinarians (100%) reported that the overall program, presentations and discussions were useful. Attendees found the presented information relevant for their work (agree = 60% and strongly agree = 40%) and of great immediate use to them (neutral = 6.5%, agree = 56% and strongly agree = 37.5%). The presented materials and the implemented educational delivery methods substantially increased the knowledge level of the attendees (16.9% points increase from pre-test to post-test scores; P < 0.05). Importance of feed particle size, ration evaluation, interpreting feed analysis, carbohydrate components, and metabolic profiling in fresh cows were listed as learned concepts that participants could apply in their practices. Results suggested that both nutrition modules were relevant and effective, offering new information with immediate field application. This program has important implications for dairy veterinarians since they are a vital source of information for dairy producers.

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Schuen2010ExtensionE, title={Extension Education}, author={G. M. Schuen and emann and Maurice L. Eastridge and W. P. Weiss and Jeffrey D Workman and Santiago Bas and Kumud Dhakal and Jeffrey F. Keown and Huma Sharif}, year={2010} }