Extending the range of an ancient crop, Salvia hispanica L.—a new ω3 source

  title={Extending the range of an ancient crop, Salvia hispanica L.—a new $\omega$3 source},
  author={Watchareewan Jamboonsri and Timothy D. Phillips and Robert L. Geneve and Joseph P. Cahill and David F. Hildebrand},
  journal={Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution},
Chia, Salvia hispanica L., was well developed into a cultivated crop and an important component of Mesoamerican cultures and nutrition. Early Mesoamerican breeders produced lines with well developed agronomic characteristics including good, uniform seed yield and retention. Seed retention in particular is disadvantageous for survival in the wild. Maize, beans and squash were developed into important crops concomitant with chia in Mesoamerica but unlike these other crops lack of photoperiodic… 

Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel forage and feed source: A review

The main findings on chia use in animal nutrition are reviewed and an overview on both seed and biomass yield and quality as affected by environment, agronomy, and genetic background is included.

Growth and yield of chia (Salvia hispanica L.) in the Mediterranean and desert climates of Chile

Results indicated that desert conditions in the Valle de Azapa and Canchones provided better conditions for plant growth; the highest yield and oil production was reported and in Las Cruces, at higher latitude, low temperatures present beginning in April coincided with the reproductive stage, affecting yield which was no more than 129 kg ha-1; thus this zone is not recommendable for chia cultivation.

Prediction of Cultivation Areas for the Commercial and an Early Flowering Wild Accession of Salvia hispanica L. in the United States

Salvia hispanica L., commonly known as chia, is a plant-based alternative to seafood and is rich in heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acid, protein, fiber, and antioxidants. In the Northern Hemisphere,

The Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) – The Rediscovered Meso-American Functional Food Crop

The Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) is unique in being the only member of the Lamiaceae cultivated for the mericarps, and has gained considerable attention due to its high of content omega3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, antioxidants, fibre and protein classifying it as a nutraceutical.

Nutritional quality of seeds and leaf metabolites of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) from Southern Italy

The metabolic profile of Chia leaves has been reported for the first time; in particular, several flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acids, and the two uncommon flavonoid acetyl vitexin and acetyl orientin were found.

Comparative transcriptome analysis of cultivated and wild seeds of Salvia hispanica (chia)

This study performed the first comprehensive comparative transcriptome analysis between seeds from cultivated varieties and from accessions collected from native wild populations in Mexico, revealing that the lipid metabolism was one of the most activated processes in chia.

Characterization and Evaluation of Salvia hispanica L. and Salvia columbariae Benth. Varieties for Their Cultivation in Southwestern Germany

In conclusion, chia could represent a promising raw material from a nutritional point of view, while being able to diversify the local food basis of southwestern Germany.

Innovative Crop Productions for Healthy Food: The Case of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.)

Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) is an ancient crop from Central America which has been recently rediscovered as a source of ω-3 and nutraceuticals in seeds and leaves which lends itself to a range of applications.

Vegetative propagation of the underutilized oilseed crop sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.)

Grafting may aid in the further domestication of P. volubilis by providing farmers with access to plant material of consistent quality and allowing the selection of pest resistant rootstocks in combination with high-yielding scions.

Chia (Salvia hispanica) experiment at a 30˚ N site in Sichuan Basin, China

Considering its short-day habit, it is recommended to try sowing in middle summer to avoid too long growing period, excessive vegetative growth, and waste of field and climate resources caused by spring-summer sowing.



Genetic diversity among varieties of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.)

A study was undertaken to assess genetic diversity among 38 wild and domesticated accessions of S. hispanica collected throughout Mesoamerica by using RAPD markers, suggesting a slight loss of diversity accompanying domestication and a near lack of diversity in modern commercial varieties.

Ethnobotany of chia,Salvia hispanica L. (Lamiaceae)

An ethnobotanical review of this Mesoamerican crop plant Salvia hispanica has been undertaken to examine changes in use accompanying Spanish colonization to reveal subtle changes in medicinal, culinary, artistic, and religious uses.

Variation and heritability of seed mass in chia (Salvia hispanica L.)

Observations indicate that gains from selection in chia seed mass are possible when mass selection is conducted in early generations, and basic information is provided for future breeding efforts in a species for which little or no knowledge of inheritance currently exists.

Chromosome Number and Meiotic Behavior of Cultivated Chia, Salvia hispanica (Lamiaceae)

Edible chia seeds, purchased from the local markets in Guatemala, Mexico, and southern California, were used for species identification, chromosome counts, karyotype construction, and meiotic

Oil content and fatty acid composition of chia (Salvia hispanica L.) from five northwestern locations in Argentina

Any new crop for which there is a market, and which appears to be adapted to the region, would be attractive to replace nonprofitable traditional crops in Northwestern Argentina. Chia (Salvia

The Genetic Architecture of Maize Flowering Time

A simple additive model accurately predicts flowering time for maize, in contrast to the genetic architecture observed in the selfing plant species rice and Arabidopsis.


The human-selected morphological characters associated with domestication of S. hispanica are defined and a review of ethnobotanical and historical information pertaining to the human selection forces that resulted in changes in morphology is presented.

Photoperiodic Control of Flowering of Salvia leucantha

Plants of Salvia leucantha were subjected to 8, 10, 12, or 14 hr of light under controlled environmental conditions. Salvia leucantha is a short-day plant with a critical photoperiod of 12 hr for

Genetic diversity and geographic pattern in early South American cotton domestication

The obtained neighbor joining and unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means are in full agreement with the known cytogenetics of the tetraploid cottons and their diploid genome donors.

The role of induced mutation in conversion of photoperiod dependence in cotton.

The objectives of this work were to explore the genome-wide effect of induced mutation in photoperiod-converted induced cotton mutants, estimate the genetic change between mutant and wild-type cottons using simple sequence repeats (SSRs) as well as understand the pattern of SSR mutation in induced mutagenesis.