Extending the Competition Model

@article{MacWhinney2005ExtendingTC,
  title={Extending the Competition Model},
  author={Brian MacWhinney},
  journal={International Journal of Bilingualism},
  year={2005},
  volume={9},
  pages={69 - 84}
}
  • B. MacWhinney
  • Published 1 March 2005
  • Linguistics
  • International Journal of Bilingualism
This paper presents an extended formulation of the Competition Model. The extended model, called the Unified Competition Model, is designed to account for a larger range of phenomena in first and second language acquisition, including bilingualism. As in the classic version of the Competition Model, competition is at the core of a set of non-modular interacting forces. However, the various inputs to competition are now described in terms of six additional subcomponents: arenas, mappings… 

Figures from this paper

Unified Competition Model : A Critical Look at Transition Theory
As a psycholinguistic model of language comprehension and acquisition, the Unified Competition Model was developed to account for both first and second language comprehension and acquisition. The
Unified Competition Model of Language Acquisition: A Critical Look at Its Underlying Transition Theory
TLDR
The present paper aims to delve into the transition theory underlying the Unified Competition Model as applied to the acquisition of first and second languages.
Competition Model and Contrastive Lexical Competition
TLDR
It is claimed that within the models in which there is an architecture that utilizes lexical categories to build “valence bridges”, L1-L2 translation equivalents facilitate crossing valence bridges which helps in discovering forthcoming elements and filling syntactic slots.
The Emergence of Second Language Syntax: A Case Study of the Acquisition of Relative Clauses
TLDR
The data show that complex aspects of language gradually emerged from item-based and compositional learning processes that interacted with the learner's environment, including input frequency and the functional purposes for which language is used.
Forward and backward transfer of sentence processing cues in English and Mandarin Chinese: A call for approximate replication of Liu, Bates, and Li (1992) and Su (2001)
The Competition Model has served as a functional explanation of cross-linguistic influence and transfer for more than 30 years. A large number of studies have used the Competition Model to frame
TRANSFER EFFECTS IN BILINGUAL SENTENCE PROCESSING
This study investigates transfer effects in second language (L2) sentence processing. Although the evidence for such effects is mixed, recent studies have found that during online sentence
El(la) Mapping: An Integrated Account of Learning Context, Feedback and Agreement Morphology in the Processing of OclVS Sentences in Advanced L2 Spanish
TLDR
This dissertation investigated from an on-line and off-line account whether English-speaking advanced learners of Spanish are also prone to such misinterpretations, and whether their reconfiguration of L1 processing strategies benefits from mismatches in number agreement morphology, immersion experience, and computer-delivered feedback.
The processing of ambiguous sentences by first and second language learners of English
This study investigates the way adult second language (L2) learners of English resolve relative clause attachment ambiguities in sentences such as The dean liked the secretary of the professor who
The Roles of First Language and Proficiency in L2 Processing of Spanish Clitics: Global Effects
We assessed the roles of first language (L1) and second language (L2) proficiency in the processing of preverbal clitics in L2 Spanish by considering the predictions of four processing theories—the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 140 REFERENCES
Applying the Competition Model to bilingualism
This special issue brings together a set of four papers devoted to the experimental study of sentence processing by bilinguals in their second language. The basic finding reported in this research is
The competition model: the input, the context, and the brain
Introduction Language learning is a three-way interaction between the input, the learner, and the interactional context (Bloom, 1974). This three-way interaction provides a general framework for
Generation of and Retraction from Cross-Linguistically Motivated Structures in Bilingual First Language Acquisition.
The focus of this paper is on unusual developmental structures during the simultaneous acquisition of German and English in early childhood, which were evident parallel to a majority of target
Sentence interpretation strategies in adult Dutch–English bilinguals
ABSTRACT This study is concerned with the probabilistic nature of processing strategies in bilingual speakers of Dutch and English. We used a sentence interpretation task designed to set up various
Extending Embodied Lexical Development
This paper describes an implemented computational model of lexical development for the case of action verbs. A simulated agent is trained by an informant labeling the agent's actions (here hand
Basic Syntactic Processes
TLDR
The present chapter attempts to extend the model presented in that earlier paper to the acquisition of word-order patterns, supported by an examination of the previous research on syntactic acquisition.
Lexical and Conceptual Memory in Fluent and Nonfluent Bilinguals
The Handbook of East Asian Psycholinguistics: The competition model
One outgrowth of psycholinguists’ increasing attention to languages with various structural features is the Competition Model (CM) of MacWhinney and Bates (1989). Invoking emergentist concepts from
...
...