Extending parasite-stress theory to variation in human mate preferences

  title={Extending parasite-stress theory to variation in human mate preferences},
  author={Lisa Marie DeBruine and Anthony C. Little and Benedict C. Jones},
  journal={Behavioral and Brain Sciences},
  pages={86 - 87}
Abstract In this commentary we suggest that Fincher & Thornhill's (F&T's) parasite-stress theory of social behaviors and attitudes can be extended to mating behaviors and preferences. We discuss evidence from prior correlational and experimental studies that support this claim. We also reanalyze data from two of those studies using F&T's new parasite stress measures. 
The Parasite-Stress Theory of Sociality and the Behavioral Immune System
The parasite-stress theory of sociality is a new perspective on human social psychology and behavior. As an ecological and evolutionary theory of values or core preferences, it applies widely acrossExpand
Mating Systems, Mate Choice, Marriage, Sexual Behavior, and Inbreeding
The parasite theory of sexual selection, originated by Hamilton and Zuk in 1982, is a subcategory of the more general and encompassing parasite-stress theory of sociality. Across indigenousExpand
The Parasite-Stress Theory of Values and Sociality
Builds the revolutionary theory that human evolution is subject to parasite and disease stress that shapes human qualities as personality, political tendencies and propensity toward religiosity Expand
alivary cortisol and pathogen disgust predict men ’ s preferences for feminine hape cues in women ’ s faces enedict
Recent studies suggest that individuals who are particularly concerned about infectious diseases show stronger preferences for exaggerated sex-typical characteristics in potential mates’ faces.Expand
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Salivary cortisol and pathogen disgust predict men's preferences for feminine shape cues in women's faces
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Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face
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P Pathogen Disgust and Perceptions of Attractiveness
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Parasite Prevalence and Income Inequality Positively Predict Beardedness Across 25 Countries
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Cross-Cultural Variation in Men’s Beardedness
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The findings of this study suggest that environmental factors may directly influence women's mate preferences owing to evolved plasticity, such that mate preferences are flexible in response to environmental factors. Expand
The health of a nation predicts their mate preferences: cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for masculinized male faces
This work investigates the relationship between women's preferences for male facial masculinity and a health index derived from World Health Organization statistics for mortality rates, life expectancies and the impact of communicable disease and shows non-arbitrary cross-cultural differences in facial attractiveness judgements. Expand
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We articulate an evolutionary perspective on cultural variation, centering on the concept of evoked culture. We then demonstrate how the framework of evoked culture has been used to predict andExpand
Marriage Systems and Pathogen Stress in Human Societies
The results suggest that major pathogens may have been, during human evolutionary history, an important selective force, shifting the polygyny threshold, and resulting in greaterpolygyny, and polygyNY of specific types, in areas of high stress. Expand
Further evidence for regional variation in women's masculinity preferences
A relationship between a measure of national variation in health and women's preferences for male facial masculinity and income inequality is demonstrated, but it is suggested that income inequality, among other variables, might be an important predictor of regional variation in women's preference. Expand
National income inequality predicts women's preferences for masculinized faces better than health does
It is found that women's preferences for facial masculinity from a large, cross-cultural sample of individuals from developed countries is negatively correlated with a composite National Health Index (NHI). Expand
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The relationship between pathogen prevalence and the value people place on physical attractiveness remained strong even after potential confounds such as distance from the equator, geographical region, and average income were statistically controlled for. Expand
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A phenomenological model is presented, operating on an intraspecific level, which views the cost of secondary sexual development from an endocrinological perspective and proposes a negative-feedback loop between signal intensity and parasite burden by suggesting that testosterone-dependent signal intensity is a plastic response. Expand
Infection Breeds Reticence
Functional changes in perception and behavior that would serve to promote avoidance of potentially infectious individuals are revealed. Expand
Exposure to visual cues of pathogen contagion changes preferences for masculinity and symmetry in opposite-sex faces
Overall, the data demonstrate that preferences can be strategically flexible according to recent visual experience with pathogen cues, and complement studies of cross-cultural differences in preferences by suggesting a mechanism for variation in mate preferences. Expand