Expressive Partisanship: Campaign Involvement, Political Emotion, and Partisan Identity

@article{Huddy2015ExpressivePC,
  title={Expressive Partisanship: Campaign Involvement, Political Emotion, and Partisan Identity},
  author={Leonie Huddy and Lilliana Mason and Lene Aar{\o}e},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  year={2015},
  volume={109},
  pages={1 - 17}
}
Party identification is central to the study of American political behavior, yet there remains disagreement over whether it is largely instrumental or expressive in nature. We draw on social identity theory to develop the expressive model and conduct four studies to compare it to an instrumental explanation of campaign involvement. We find strong support for the expressive model: a multi-item partisan identity scale better accounts for campaign activity than a strong stance on subjectively… 

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