Role of pocket flexibility in the modulation of estrogen receptor alpha by key residue arginine 394.
The B lymphocyte stimulator (BAFF) is a novel member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand family which is important in B lymphocyte maturation and survival. Herein, the cDNA coding for the extracellular domain of the BAFF (hsBAFF) has been cloned into the secreting expression organism Pichia pastoris. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting assays of culture broth from a methanol-induced expression strain demonstrated that recombinant hsBAFF, a 20.2 kDa glycosylated protein, was secreted into the culture medium. The recombinant protein was purified to greater than 95% using DEAE-Sepharose ion exchange and Superdex 75 size-exclusion chromatography steps. Finally, 102 mg of the protein was obtained in high purity from 1 L of the supernatant and its identity to hsBAFF was confirmed by NH(2)-terminal amino acid sequence analysis Bioactivity of the recombinant hsBAFF was confirmed by the ability of the protein to stimulate human B lymphocyte proliferation in vitro. Our results suggest that the P. pastoris expression system can be used to produce large quantities of fully functional hsBAFF for both research and industrial purpose.