TGFβ2 regulates hypothalamic Trh expression through the TGFβ inducible early gene-1 (TIEG1) during fetal development.
PC1 and PC2 are subtilisin-like processing enzymes capable of cleaving thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) precursor (pro-TRH) at paired basic residues in vitro. In the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), pro-TRH is synthesized to control adenohypophysial thyrotropin and prolactin release. Biochemical and immunological approaches have shown that in the hypothalamus, pro-TRH is extensively cleaved at pairs of basic amino acids. We quantified, by two different approaches, in situ hybridization (ISH) on consecutive cryostat sections or double label ISH, the proportion of PVN TRH neurons containing either PC1 or PC2 mRNAs. Both techniques gave similar results: PC2 mRNA was present in 60-70% of TRH neurons, and PC1 mRNA in 37-46%. Values were similar in the anterior and medial parts of the parvocellular PVN. TRH neurons containing either PC1 or PC2 mRNA were found throughout the areas containing TRH cells without any evidence of anatomical segregation. These results suggest a biochemical heterogeneity in PVN TRH biosynthetic machinery.