Epigenomic and metabolic responses of hypothalamic POMC neurons to gestational nicotine exposure in adult offspring
The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and supraoptic nucleus (SON) contain neuroendocrine cells that modulate pituitary secretion to maintain homeostasis. These two nuclei have a common developmental origin but they eventually form at locations distant from each other. Little is known about the molecular cues that direct the segregation of PVN and SON. As a means to identify potential factors, we have documented expression patterns of genes with known guidance roles in neural migration. Here, we focus on two groups of ligand/receptor families classified to mediate chemo-repulsion of neurons and their axons: the Slit/Robo and the Semaphorin/Plexin/Neuropilin families. Their dynamic expression patterns within and around the common PVN/SON progenitor as well as the mature PVN and SON may provide a framework for understanding the formation of these two important nuclei.