Exposure to Unconventional Oil and Gas Development and All-cause Mortality in Medicare Beneficiaries.

  title={Exposure to Unconventional Oil and Gas Development and All-cause Mortality in Medicare Beneficiaries.},
  author={Longxiang Li and Francesca Dominici and Annelise J. Blomberg and Falco J. Bargagli-Stoffi and Joel D. Schwartz and B. Coull and John D. Spengler and Yaguang Wei and Joy Lawrence and Petros Koutrakis},
  journal={Nature energy},
  volume={7 2},
Little is known about whether exposure to unconventional oil and gas development is associated with higher mortality risks in the elderly and whether related air pollutants are exposure pathways. We studied a cohort of 15,198,496 Medicare beneficiaries (136,215,059 person-years) in all major U.S. unconventional exploration regions from 2001 to 2015. We gathered data from records of more than 2.5 million oil and gas wells. For each beneficiary's ZIP code of residence and year in the cohort, we… 
5 Citations

Assessing Exposure to Unconventional Oil and Gas Development: Strengths, Challenges, and Implications for Epidemiologic Research

Purpose of Review Epidemiologic studies have observed elevated health risks in populations living near unconventional oil and gas development (UOGD). In this narrative review, we discuss strengths

Community-based participatory research for low-cost air pollution monitoring in the wake of unconventional oil and gas development in the Ohio River Valley: Empowering impacted residents through community science

Belmont County, Ohio is heavily dominated by unconventional oil and gas development that results in high levels of ambient air pollution. Residents here chose to work with a national volunteer

Applying the hierarchy of controls to oil and gas development

Nicole C Deziel1,∗, Lisa MMcKenzie, Joan A Casey, Thomas E McKone, Jill E Johnston, David J X Gonzalez, Seth B C Shonkoff and Rachel Morello-Frosch 1 Department of Environmental Health



Potential public health hazards, exposures and health effects from unconventional natural gas development.

Risks to public health from chemical and nonchemical stressors associated with UNG are evaluated, likely exposure pathways and potential health effects are described, and major uncertainties to address are identified.

Assessing exposure to unconventional natural gas development: using an air pollution dispersal screening model to predict new-onset respiratory symptoms

An air pollution dispersal screening model and wind direction was used to characterize the air emissions from UNGD facilities at each residence and association of this exposure estimate with respiratory symptoms was assessed.

Exposure Assessment Using Secondary Data Sources in Unconventional Natural Gas Development and Health Studies.

Three UNGD activity metrics were evaluated, including two based on the existing studies and a novel metric that included well pad development, drilling, stimulation, production, and compressor engine aspects of UNGD.

Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development

There is a need for more epidemiological studies to assess associations between risk factors, such as air and water pollution, and health outcomes among populations living in close proximity to shale gas operations, and data gaps persist.

Unconventional oil and gas development and ambient particle radioactivity

The widespread UOGD could induce adverse health effects to residents living close toUOGD by elevating PR, based on the published health analysis of PR, which found an increase in gross-beta particle radiation downwind.

Association Between Unconventional Natural Gas Development in the Marcellus Shale and Asthma Exacerbations.

Residential UNGD activity metrics were statistically associated with increased risk of mild, moderate, and severe asthma exacerbations, whether these associations are causal awaits further investigation, including more detailed exposure assessment.

Characterizing Flaring from Unconventional Oil and Gas Operations in South Texas Using Satellite Observations.

Data from the VIIRS Nightfire satellite product was leveraged to characterize the extent of flaring in the Eagle Ford Shale region of south Texas and suggest flaring may be a significant environmental exposure in parts of this region.