Exposure to Nicotine and Selected Toxicants in Cigarette Smokers Who Switched to Electronic Cigarettes: A Longitudinal Within-Subjects Observational Study.

@article{Goniewicz2017ExposureTN,
  title={Exposure to Nicotine and Selected Toxicants in Cigarette Smokers Who Switched to Electronic Cigarettes: A Longitudinal Within-Subjects Observational Study.},
  author={Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz and Michal Gawron and Danielle M. Smith and Margaret Wilson Peng and Peyton Jacob and Neal L. Benowitz},
  journal={Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
  year={2017},
  volume={19 2},
  pages={160-167}
}
INTRODUCTION Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are purported to deliver nicotine aerosol without any toxic combustion products present in tobacco smoke. In this longitudinal within-subjects observational study, we evaluated the effects of e-cigarettes on nicotine delivery and exposure to selected carcinogens and toxicants. METHODS We measured seven nicotine metabolites and 17 tobacco smoke exposure biomarkers in the urine samples of 20 smokers collected before and after switching to pen… CONTINUE READING
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