Exposure of populations to dioxins and related compounds

@article{DjienLiem2000ExposureOP,
  title={Exposure of populations to dioxins and related compounds},
  author={A. K. Djien Liem and Peter Furst and Christoffer Rappe},
  journal={Food Additives \& Contaminants},
  year={2000},
  volume={17},
  pages={241 - 259}
}
The present situation with respect to the exposure of the general human population to PCDDs, PCDFs and (dioxin-like) PCBs and specific issues that should be taken into consideration for a risk assessment of these exposures have been summarized. The information is based on studies performed in The Netherlands and Germany in the last 10 years. Additional data have been collected through a literature search and through many contacts with researchers and national authorities. The most important… Expand
Intake estimates of dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorobiphenyls in the Italian general population from the 2013-2016 results of official monitoring plans in food.
TLDR
Results confirm the decreasing trend of PCDD/F and DL-PCB dietary intake even though the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) value of 2 WHO-TEQ/kg body weight per day is exceeded at the 95th percentile for all age groups, with children as sensitive group. Expand
Dioxin risks in perspective: past, present, and future.
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There is a several-fold reduction in exposures and body burdens in the general population over the three decades from 1970 to 2000, and further efforts to reduce exposures through attempts to control emissions or food levels should be carefully evaluated to understand the likely efficacy of the efforts and the relative costs and benefits. Expand
Dioxins and PCBs in feed and food--review from European perspective.
TLDR
The 2012 evaluation of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) based on comprehensive monitoring data of 26 European countries shows a general decrease in dietary exposure of dioxins and DL-PCBs between 2002-2004 and 2008-2010, estimated to be between 16.6% and 79.3% for the different population groups. Expand
CHARACTERIZING LIFE-LONG HUMAN EXPOSURE TO PERSISTENT ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS
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Refining human exposure assessment by applying different methodological approaches for characterizing the exposure to harmful contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls, dibenzo-pdioxins and dibenzofurans in different subgroups of the Swedish general population is provided. Expand
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TLDR
The results are in agreement with what observed in studies conducted in other countries, such as Germany, Finland, Japan, Spain, and are below the limits set by the European legislation. Expand
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TLDR
A life-long intake estimate showed that a non-negligible part of the French population (between 20 and 28%) had an intake above the tolerable monthly intake for dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs of 70 pg WHO-TEQ kg−1 b.w. month−1. Expand
Comparability of world-wide analytical data of PCDDs, PCDFs and non-ortho PCBs in samples of chicken, butter and salmon.
TLDR
It can be concluded that the world-wide data on dioxins, at background levels in foods, are not direct numerically comparable due to inherent analytical reasons. Expand
Dietary patterns and blood levels of PCDDs, PCDFs, and dioxin-like PCBs in 1656 Japanese individuals.
TLDR
Analysis of dietary patterns showed that the intake frequencies for alcoholic beverages and seafood were independently and positively associated with total TEQ and the TEQ of PCDFs and DL-PCBs, and the association between alcoholic beverage intake and PCDDs was also significant. Expand
Dioxins/furans and PCBs in Canadian human milk: 2008-2011.
TLDR
PC and PCDD/F concentrations have continued to decline in Canadian human milk since the last sampling of human milk was performed, and the relative contribution of PCDDs to the overall WHO TEQ2005 (PC DD/F+DL PCB) has decreased from earlier investigations into POP levels. Expand
[Dietary intake of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in Bavaria, Germany. Results from the Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey (INES)].
  • H. Fromme, N. Shahin, +5 authors G. Bolte
  • Medicine
  • Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband der Arzte des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany))
  • 2009
TLDR
The Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey (INES) aimed to measure the recent exposure to PCBs in Germany and concluded that the dietary PCB intake has further decreased in the last years in Germany. Expand
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