Exposure of Children to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) and Its Association with Respiratory Ailments

@article{Tamim2003ExposureOC,
  title={Exposure of Children to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) and Its Association with Respiratory Ailments},
  author={Hala Tamim and Umayya M Musharrafieh and Zana El Roueiheb and Khalid Yunis and Wassim Y. Almawi},
  journal={Journal of Asthma},
  year={2003},
  volume={40},
  pages={571 - 576}
}
Objectives. To assess the impact of domestic passive smoking (cigarettes or narghile) on the development of respiratory ailments among children ages 10–15 years. Methods. Students were recruited from five private schools in Beirut, and information on demographic, in-home smoking, and students' respiratory tract illnesses (cough, wheezing, runny nose, or nasal congestion) were collected from each participant. Results. Of 625 students surveyed, 438 (70.1%) had at least one individual smoking at… 
Respiratory effects in children from passive smoking of cigarettes and narghile: ISAAC Phase Three in Syria.
  • Y. Mohammad, R. Shaaban, +4 authors P. Ellwood
  • Medicine
    The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • 2014
TLDR
An association between exposure to ETS of the mother smoking cigarette or narghile and ever wheezing, nocturnal cough and severe wheeze is found; however, the strongest association was found when the mother smoked Narghile.
Biomarkers of exposure to passive smoking of school children: frequency and determinants.
TLDR
Children exposed to parental smoke showed much higher biomarker levels than the non-smoking spouse of an adult smoker, therefore, children need specifically protection from ETS at home.
Infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke: Jordan University hospital-based study.
  • E. Badran, A. Salhab, M. Al-Jaghbir
  • Medicine
    Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
  • 2009
TLDR
Detectable saliva cotinine levels in 8/20 mothers of neonates (1-2 days old) suggested in utero exposure, and recommendations are made to protect this vulnerable population from tobacco smoke exposure.
Exposure of pre-school children to passive cigarette and narghile smoke in Beirut.
TLDR
Narghile smoking appears to follow different gender and social patterns than cigarette smoking, in order to develop adequate prevention policies.
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TLDR
This study demonstrates potentially hazardous levels of home air pollution in rooms where hookahs are being smoked as well as in adjacent rooms, raising concerns about potential negative health effects on all individuals living in homes where hookah are smoked.
Dual tobacco smoking is the new trend among adolescents: Update from the Irbid-TRY
TLDR
The study indicates that gender and grade can predict smoking status with dual is most prevalent in older boys, and that dual smoking exceeds combined Cg-only and Wp-only smoking.
TNF-308 modifies the effect of second-hand smoke on respiratory illness-related school absences.
TLDR
Results indicate that a subgroup of genetically susceptible children are at substantially greater risk of respiratory illness if exposed to SHS, and exposure to two or more household smokers is associated with a twofold risk of a school absence due to respiratory illness.
Hookah (Shisha, Narghile) Smoking and Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS). A Critical Review of the Relevant Literature and the Public Health Consequences
  • K. Chaouachi
  • Medicine
    International journal of environmental research and public health
  • 2009
TLDR
The reviewed literature shows that most of hookah ETS is made up of EMSS and that the latter qualitatively differs from MSS, and the toxicity of hookahs ETS for non-smokers should not be overestimated and hyped in an unscientific way.
Alternative forms of tobacco use.
TLDR
There is no such thing as a safe tobacco product and various potentially reduced exposure products, including snus, targeted at smokers aware of the health risks of regular cigarettes, should not be considered even by inveterate smokers who are unable or unwilling to quit nicotine before further independent evaluation and control.
Secondhand hookah smoke: an occupational hazard for hookah bar employees
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It is demonstrated that hookah bars have elevated concentrations of indoor air pollutants that appear to cause adverse health effects in employees and there is a marked need for better air quality monitoring and policies in such establishments to improve the indoor air quality for workers and patrons.
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