Exposure biomarkers and risk from gluing and heating of polyurethane: a cross sectional study of respiratory symptoms.

@article{Littorin2000ExposureBA,
  title={Exposure biomarkers and risk from gluing and heating of polyurethane: a cross sectional study of respiratory symptoms.},
  author={Margareta Littorin and Lars Rylander and Gunnar Skarping and Marianne Dalene and Hans Welinder and Ulf Str{\"o}mberg and Staffan Skerfving},
  journal={Occupational and environmental medicine},
  year={2000},
  volume={57 6},
  pages={
          396-405
        }
}
OBJECTIVES To define the relation between exposure to polyurethane (PUR) glue, biomarkers of exposure and effect, and work related symptoms that occur at least once a week. METHODS In a cross sectional study, 152 workers and 14 clerks in a factory with exposure to sprayed and heated PUR glue containing 4, 4'-diphenylmethane (MDI) or 1,6-hexamethylene (HDI) di-isocyanate were examined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for metabolites of MDI in plasma (P-MDX) and urine (U-MDX… CONTINUE READING

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Determination of isocyanate and aromatic amine emissions from thermally degraded polyurethanes in foundries

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