Exposing Corrupt Politicians: The Effects of Brazil's Publicly Released Audits on Electoral Outcomes

@article{Ferraz2005ExposingCP,
  title={Exposing Corrupt Politicians: The Effects of Brazil's Publicly Released Audits on Electoral Outcomes},
  author={Claudio Ferraz and Frederico Shimizu Finan},
  journal={Latin American Economics},
  year={2005}
}
  • C. Ferraz, F. Finan
  • Published 2005
  • Business, Economics, Political Science
  • Latin American Economics
This paper examines the extent to which access to information enhances political accountability. Based upon the results of Brazil’s recent anti-corruption program that randomly audits municipal expenditures of federally-transferred funds, it estimates the effect of the disclosure of local government corruption practices upon the re-election success of incumbent mayors in municipal elections. Comparing municipalities which were randomly audited before the elections with those audited after, the… Expand
Does Exposing Corrupt Politicians Reduce Corruption ?
Does the disclosure of information about corruption practices induce a sustained reduction in corruption levels? We use publicly-released routine audit reports to study this question. The governmentExpand
Why Do Voters Punish Corrupt Politicians? Evidence from the Brazilian Anti-Corruption Program
Based on randomly allocated audit reports in Brazil, a recent empirical literature shows that the probability of re-election of an incumbent mayor decreases when corruption is released. By exploitingExpand
Who Is Punishing Corrupt Politicians - Voters or the Central Government? Evidence from the Brazilian Anti-Corruption Program
In 2003 the Brazilian central government (CG) launched an anti-corruption program. Since then municipalities have been randomly selected to be audited on a monthly basis. Evidence in the literatureExpand
Electoral Accountability and Corruption in Local Governments: Evidence from Audit Reports
Political corruption is a concern of many modern democracies. It weakens democratic institutions, restricts public services, and lowers productivity undermining economic development. Yet despite itsExpand
The Dynamic Effects of Information on Political Corruption: Theory and Evidence from Puerto Rico
Does the disclosure of information about corrupt activities induce a sustained reduction in corruption? We use publicly released routine audits of municipal governments in Puerto Rico to answer thisExpand
Electoral Accountability and Corruption: Evidence from the Audits of Local Governments
Political institutions can affect corruption. We use audit reports from an anti-corruption program in Brazil to construct new measures of political corruption in local governments and test whetherExpand
Estimating the nature of political corruption: evidence from a policy experiment in Brazil
This paper proposes a test to estimate the nature of political corruption in developing countries: embezzlement by self-enriching politicians versus corruption that originates as a quid-pro-quo fromExpand
Popularity shocks and political selection: the effects of anti-corruption audits on candidates' quality
We show that the disclosure of information about a government's conduct affects the types of candidates who stand for election. Our empirical test focuses on Brazilian city council elections in 2004Expand
Corruption scandals, voter information, and accountability
We study the effects of the availability of information about corruption scandals on electoral outcomes. The paper uses a novel and rich database with information on corruption scandals that affectedExpand
Are anti-corruption audits effective? Evidence from Brazilian municipal employees
Why do anti-corruption audits effectively reduce corruption in some places but not in others? This paper considers a program that has been shown to be effective – randomized audits in BrazilianExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 63 REFERENCES
Electoral Accountability and Corruption in Local Governments: Evidence from Audit Reports
Political corruption is a concern of many modern democracies. It weakens democratic institutions, restricts public services, and lowers productivity undermining economic development. Yet despite itsExpand
Reelection Incentives and Political Corruption: Evidence from Brazilian Audit Reports
As part of a recent anti-corruption campaign, the Brazilian government began to audit the municipal expenditure of federally-transferred funds. Using these audit reports, we construct a unique dataExpand
Integrity for Hire: An Analysis of a Widespread Program for Combating Customs Corruption
Can governments successfully combat bureaucratic corruption by “hiring integrity” from the private sector? This paper examines the impact of hiring private firms to collect information for governmentExpand
Electoral Incentives for Political Corruption under Open-List Proportional Representation
Despite the considerable attention paid to the aggregate-level determinants of political corruption, until recently little empirical work has attempted to understand what systematic factors driveExpand
The Effects of Charges of Corruption on Voting Behavior in Congressional Elections
This study assesses the electoral impact of charges of corruption on candidates in contests for the U.S. House of Representatives in five elections from 1968 to 1978. This assessment includes aExpand
The Power of Information: Evidence from a Newspaper Campaign to Reduce Capture
The authors exploit an unusual policy experiment to evaluate the effects of increased public access to information as a tool to reduce capture and corruption of public funds. In the late 1990s, theExpand
The Effects of Charges of Corruption on Voting Behavior in Congressional Elections, 1982-1990
Fifteen years ago, Peters and Welch investigated the effects of corruption charges on the outcomes of U.S. House elections. Their evidence from 1968 to 1978 indicated that charges generally producedExpand
Corruption in America
We use a data set of federal corruption convictions in the U.S. to investigate the causes and consequences of corruption. More educated states, and to a less degree richer states, have lessExpand
The Political Economy of Government Responsiveness: Theory and Evidence from India
The determinants of government responsiveness to its citizens is a key issue in political economy. Here we develop a model based on the solution of political agency problems. Having a more informedExpand
Elections and representation
The claim connecting democracy and representation is that under democracy governments are representative because they are elected: if elections are freely contested, if participation is widespread,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...