Exploring the antioxidant potential of lignin isolated from black liquor of oil palm waste.

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the potential antioxidant activity of lignin obtained from black liquor, a hazardous waste product generated during the extraction of palm oil. Antioxidant potential of the extracted lignin was evaluated by dissolving the extracted samples in 2 different solvent systems, namely, 2-methoxy ethanol and DMSO. Results revealed high percent inhibition of the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical in the lignin sample dissolved in 2-methoxy ethanol over DMSO (concentration range of 1-100 microg/ml). Lignin extracted in 2-methoxy ethanol exhibited higher inhibition percentage (at 50 microg/ml, 84.2%), whereas a concentration of 100 microg/ml was found to be effective in the case of the DMSO solvent (69.8%). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry revealed that the functional groups from the extracted lignin and commercial lignin were highly similar, indicating the purity of the lignin extracted from black liquor. These results provide a strong basis for further applications of lignin in the food industry and also illustrate an eco-friendly approach to utilize oil palm black liquor.

DOI: 10.1016/j.crvi.2009.05.004

Cite this paper

@article{Bhat2009ExploringTA, title={Exploring the antioxidant potential of lignin isolated from black liquor of oil palm waste.}, author={Rajeev Bhat and H. P. S. Abdul Khalil and Alias Abd Karim}, journal={Comptes rendus biologies}, year={2009}, volume={332 9}, pages={827-31} }