Exploring the Mechanisms of Self-Control Improvement

@article{Inzlicht2014ExploringTM,
  title={Exploring the Mechanisms of Self-Control Improvement},
  author={Michael Inzlicht and Lisa Legault and Rimma Teper},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2014},
  volume={23},
  pages={302 - 307}
}
Good self-control is central to success across life domains, from school to work to relationships. In this article, we provide a framework to better understand how self-control can be improved. Using cybernetic principles, we identify and integrate important mechanisms for self-control improvement that have previously been overlooked. The cybernetic model suggests that control relies on three separate processes: setting goals, monitoring when behavior diverges from goals, and implementing… 

Figures from this paper

Integrating theories of self-control and motivation to advance endurance performance

ABSTRACT Self-control is a burgeoning research topic within sport and motivational psychology. Following efforts to define and contextualize self-control, characteristics of self-control are

Self-Control and Academic Achievement.

The process model of self-control is used to illustrate how impulses are generated and regulated, emphasizing opportunities for students to deliberately strengthen impulses that are congruent with, and dampen impulses that is incongruen with, academic goals.

Integrating Models of Self-Regulation

Self-regulation is a core aspect of human functioning that helps facilitate the successful pursuit of personal goals. There has been a proliferation of theories and models describing different

A Stitch in Time: Strategic Self-Control in High School and College Students.

It is suggested that students might benefit from learning to initiate self-control when their impulses are still nascent, as predicted by the process model.

The Effect of Self–Awareness on the Identification of Goal–Related Obstacles

When individuals strive towards personal goals, they may encounter obstacles that could compromise their goal progress and pose a challenge to self–regulation. Coping with obstacles first requires

Six Questions for the Resource Model of Control (and Some Answers).

Questions are asked about how the resource model of self-control needs to be revised if not supplanted altogether and how changes in motivation, perception, and expectations replenish an exhausted resource.

Longitudinal evidence that Event Related Potential measures of self-regulation do not predict everyday goal pursuit

Self-regulation has been studied across levels of analysis; however, little attention has been paid to the extent to which self-report, neural, and behavioral indices predict goal pursuit in

Nipping Temptation in the Bud: Examining Strategic Self-Control in Daily Life

Evidence is provided that people proactively initiate self-control by targeting the antecedents of temptation and that doing so supports goal-progress.

The impact of trait mindfulness upon self-control in children

The resource, or strength, model of self-control (Baumeister, Heatherton & Tice, 1994) suggests that individuals possess a limited resource of strength, or energy, which is depleted by acts of
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES

Self-regulation of health behavior: social psychological approaches to goal setting and goal striving.

  • T. MannD. D. de RidderK. Fujita
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2013
It is concluded that enhancing health behavior requires a nuanced understanding and sensitivity to the varied, dynamic psychological processes involved in self-regulation, and that health is a prototypical and central domain in which to examine the relevance of these theoretical models for real behavior.

Self-determination, self-regulation, and the brain: autonomy improves performance by enhancing neuroaffective responsiveness to self-regulation failure.

The role of autonomy is examined in 2 basic self-regulation tasks while recording a neural signal of self-regulatory failure to offer deeper insight into the links among motivational orientation, brain-based performance monitoring, and self- regulation.

What Is Ego Depletion? Toward a Mechanistic Revision of the Resource Model of Self-Control

  • M. InzlichtB. Schmeichel
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2012
Though the process model of depletion may sacrifice the elegance of the resource metaphor, it paints a more precise picture of ego depletion and suggests several nuanced predictions for future research.

Attention and Self-Regulation: A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior

I. Background.- 1. Introduction.- A Statement of Intentions.- Organizational Plan.- 2. Cybernetics, Information, and Control.- Information.- Levels of Information.- Classification of Input.-

Self-control in action: implicit dispositions toward goals and away from temptations.

Five studies examined whether, in self-control dilemmas, individuals develop an implicit disposition to approach goals and avoid temptations, psychologically as well as physically, and how strongly individuals were attracted to temptations and held the longer term goal.

Handbook of self-regulation : research, theory, and applications

Part 1. Basic Regulatory Processes. C. S. Carver, M. F. Scheier, Self-Regulation of Action and Affect. S. L. Koole, L. F. van Dillen, G. Sheppes, The Self-Regulation of Emotion. D. D. Wagner, T. F.

The "What" and "Why" of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior

Self-determination theory (SDT) maintains that an understanding of human motivation requires a consideration of innate psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness. We discuss the

Self-Regulation Through Goal Setting

Goals are an important source of motivation. But little is known about why and how people set them. We address these questions in a model based on two stylized facts from psychology and behavioral