Exploring entitlement as a moderator and mediator of the relationship between masculine gender role conflict and men's body esteem.

@article{Schwartz2008ExploringEA,
  title={Exploring entitlement as a moderator and mediator of the relationship between masculine gender role conflict and men's body esteem.},
  author={Jonathan P. Schwartz and Tracy L. Tylka},
  journal={Psychology of Men and Masculinity},
  year={2008},
  volume={9},
  pages={67-81}
}
Extant literature has suggested that entitlement stemming from masculine gender role socialization may moderate and/or mediate the relationship between gender role conflict and intrapersonal variables. This study tested this assertion with 236 college men, with body esteem serving as the intrapersonal variable. Results revealed that both conceptualizations of entitlement (i.e., self-assertive and narcissistic) moderated the relationships between two components of gender role conflict (i.e… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Men's Gender Role Conflict: Psychological Costs, Consequences, and an Agenda for Change
Men's gender role conflict is a psychological state in which restrictive definitions of masculinity limit men's well-being and human potential. Gender role conflict (GRC) doesn't just harm boys and
Summarizing 25 Years of Research on Men's Gender Role Conflict Using the Gender Role Conflict Scale
This article reviews 232 empirical studies that used the Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS) over the past 25 years (1982-2007). The article introduces the gender role conflict (GRC) construct using
Sexual objectification and gender role conflict as predictors of drive for muscularity: A test and extension of objectification theory
Objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) is increasingly used to explain the body image-related experiences of men, as research indicates that men are at heightened risk for body image
Predicting perceptions of rape: relationship status and perpetrator motivation
Lisa M. Romano PREDICTING PERCEPTIONS OF RAPE: RELATIONSHIP STATUS AND PERPETRATOR MOTIVATION 2009 Dr. DJ Angelone MA in Mental Health Counseling and Applied Psychology The primary purpose of this
Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes.
Men with greater gender role conflict (GRC) tend to exhibit a variety of body image concerns, including a drive for muscularity (DM). In accordance with the theory of planned behavior (TPB), men with
Mediation of gender role conflict and eating pathology in gay men.
This study examined the role of negative affect and social sensitivity in the relationship between gender role conflict and eating disorder symptomatology and body dissatisfaction. Participants were
Gender Role Conflict, Drive for Muscularity, and the Impact of Ideal Media Portrayals on Men
The current study examined the effects of exposure to ideal print-based masculine images on men's body esteem, self-esteem, and drive for muscularity. Eighty-two college-age men were exposed to
Body Disapproval as a Mediator of the Relationship Between Risk Factors and Eating Disordered Behaviors Among American Adjudicated Male Youth
This study explores the complex relationships between risk factors (i.e., body disapproval, substance abuse, childhood sexual abuse, and exposure to pornography) and eating disordered behaviors (EDB)
Trait entitlement: A cognitive-personality source of vulnerability to psychological distress.
TLDR
A review of research is conducted, and a novel, multipart model is described by which entitlement is seen as a cognitive-personality vulnerability to psychological distress, by which entitled individuals are likely to attempt to bolster their entitled self-concept, leading to a reinforcement of entitled beliefs, thereby initiating the cycle again.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Does entitlement mediate the link between masculinity and rape-related variables?
Previous research has found masculine gender roles to predict rape-related behaviors and attitudes, but there is some ambiguity in the literature regarding the mechanisms of these associations.
Gender-Role Conflict and Self-Esteem: Factors Associated With Partner Abuse in Court-Referred Men
This study investigated the relationship between gender-role conflict, self-esteem, and domestic violence. Seventy-four men entering a domestic violence treatment program completed self-report
Male gender role conflict: Psychometric issues and relations to psychological distress.
Two distinct deficits in research on male gender role conflict are addressed: (a) lack of psychometric information and (b) lack of research involving clinical samples. First, using 1,043 men across
A Cross-National and Cross-Sectional Comparison of Men's Gender Role Conflict and Its Relationship to Social Intimacy and Self-Esteem
We hypothesized that men's nationality and age group would affect (a) their level of gender role conflict and (b) the strength of the relationship between gender role conflict and the psychological
Male Gender Role Conflict, Depression, and Anxiety: Clarification and Generalizability to Women.
The purpose of this study was (a) to determine whether the relationship between male gender role conflict variables and mental health generalizes to women and (b) to investigate other aspects of
The Relation Between Masculine Role Conflict and Psychological Distress in Male University Counseling Center Clients
This is the first study to examine the relations between components of masculine gender role conflict and specific symptoms of psychological distress in a sample of men seeking counseling services.
Gender-role conflict scale: College men's fear of femininity
Gender-role conflict exists when gender roles have negative consequences for people. This research reports initial validity and reliability data on measures of gender-role conflict for men. Two
Men and psychotherapy: An investigation of alexithymia, intimacy, and masculine gender roles.
Psychological theories have long emphasized the roles of emotions in healthy functioning and in psychotherapy. However, the masculine socialization process has been hypothesized to encourage men to
Body Attitude, Gender, and Self-Concept: A 30-Year Perspective
TLDR
There was a significant relationship between body attitude and general self-esteem, and there was also complex gender differences in the relationships of various SDQ-III facets to body attitudes.
On self-aggrandizement and anger: a temporal analysis of narcissism and affective reactions to success and failure.
TLDR
A temporal sequence model linking self-attribution and emotion to narcissistic rage is discussed, and high-NPI participants tended to attribute initial success to ability, leading to more extreme anger responses and greater self-esteem reactivity to failure.
...
...