Exploring entitlement as a moderator and mediator of the relationship between masculine gender role conflict and men's body esteem.

  title={Exploring entitlement as a moderator and mediator of the relationship between masculine gender role conflict and men's body esteem.},
  author={Jonathan P. Schwartz and Tracy L. Tylka},
  journal={Psychology of Men and Masculinity},
Extant literature has suggested that entitlement stemming from masculine gender role socialization may moderate and/or mediate the relationship between gender role conflict and intrapersonal variables. This study tested this assertion with 236 college men, with body esteem serving as the intrapersonal variable. Results revealed that both conceptualizations of entitlement (i.e., self-assertive and narcissistic) moderated the relationships between two components of gender role conflict (i.e… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Men's Gender Role Conflict: Psychological Costs, Consequences, and an Agenda for Change

Men's gender role conflict is a psychological state in which restrictive definitions of masculinity limit men's well-being and human potential. Gender role conflict (GRC) doesn't just harm boys and

Summarizing 25 Years of Research on Men's Gender Role Conflict Using the Gender Role Conflict Scale

This article reviews 232 empirical studies that used the Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS) over the past 25 years (1982-2007). The article introduces the gender role conflict (GRC) construct using

Gender similarities in the relationship between psychological aspects of disordered eating and self-silencing.

A recent and major focus in the psychology of men and masculinity has been the attempt to better understand men’s experiences of disordered eating. Previously, research with women suggested emotional

Sexual objectification and gender role conflict as predictors of drive for muscularity: A test and extension of objectification theory

Objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) is increasingly used to explain the body image-related experiences of men, as research indicates that men are at heightened risk for body image

Predicting perceptions of rape: relationship status and perpetrator motivation

Lisa M. Romano PREDICTING PERCEPTIONS OF RAPE: RELATIONSHIP STATUS AND PERPETRATOR MOTIVATION 2009 Dr. DJ Angelone MA in Mental Health Counseling and Applied Psychology The primary purpose of this

Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes.

Men with greater gender role conflict (GRC) tend to exhibit a variety of body image concerns, including a drive for muscularity (DM). In accordance with the theory of planned behavior (TPB), men with

Mediation of gender role conflict and eating pathology in gay men.

This study examined the role of negative affect and social sensitivity in the relationship between gender role conflict and eating disorder symptomatology and body dissatisfaction. Participants were

Gender Role Conflict, Drive for Muscularity, and the Impact of Ideal Media Portrayals on Men

The current study examined the effects of exposure to ideal print-based masculine images on men's body esteem, self-esteem, and drive for muscularity. Eighty-two college-age men were exposed to

Body Disapproval as a Mediator of the Relationship Between Risk Factors and Eating Disordered Behaviors Among American Adjudicated Male Youth

This study explores the complex relationships between risk factors (i.e., body disapproval, substance abuse, childhood sexual abuse, and exposure to pornography) and eating disordered behaviors (EDB)



Does entitlement mediate the link between masculinity and rape-related variables?

Previous research has found masculine gender roles to predict rape-related behaviors and attitudes, but there is some ambiguity in the literature regarding the mechanisms of these associations.

Gender-Role Conflict and Self-Esteem: Factors Associated With Partner Abuse in Court-Referred Men

This study investigated the relationship between gender-role conflict, self-esteem, and domestic violence. Seventy-four men entering a domestic violence treatment program completed self-report

Male gender role conflict: Psychometric issues and relations to psychological distress.

Two distinct deficits in research on male gender role conflict are addressed: (a) lack of psychometric information and (b) lack of research involving clinical samples. First, using 1,043 men across

Male Gender Role Conflict, Depression, and Anxiety: Clarification and Generalizability to Women.

The purpose of this study was (a) to determine whether the relationship between male gender role conflict variables and mental health generalizes to women and (b) to investigate other aspects of

The Relation Between Masculine Role Conflict and Psychological Distress in Male University Counseling Center Clients

This is the first study to examine the relations between components of masculine gender role conflict and specific symptoms of psychological distress in a sample of men seeking counseling services.

Cross-Sectional Study of Gender Role Conflict Examining College-Aged and Middle-Aged Men.

This study examined gender role conflict in college-aged and middle-aged men. Eighty-eight college-aged men and 89 middle-aged men completed 5 measures that assess gender role conflict and

Gender-role conflict scale: College men's fear of femininity

Gender-role conflict exists when gender roles have negative consequences for people. This research reports initial validity and reliability data on measures of gender-role conflict for men. Two

Men and psychotherapy: An investigation of alexithymia, intimacy, and masculine gender roles.

Psychological theories have long emphasized the roles of emotions in healthy functioning and in psychotherapy. However, the masculine socialization process has been hypothesized to encourage men to

Body Attitude, Gender, and Self-Concept: A 30-Year Perspective

There was a significant relationship between body attitude and general self-esteem, and there was also complex gender differences in the relationships of various SDQ-III facets to body attitudes.

On self-aggrandizement and anger: a temporal analysis of narcissism and affective reactions to success and failure.

A temporal sequence model linking self-attribution and emotion to narcissistic rage is discussed, and high-NPI participants tended to attribute initial success to ability, leading to more extreme anger responses and greater self-esteem reactivity to failure.