Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory Into Practice Database

  title={Explorations in Learning \& Instruction: The Theory Into Practice Database},
  author={Bernard Weiner and Leon Festinger and Rand J. Spiro and John Sweller and Robert M. Gagne and Edward Thorndike and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Seymour Bruner and E. Debono and Alan H. Schoenfeld and David E. Rumelhart and Donald A. Norman and Howard Gardner and Irving Maltzman and Ference Marton and Noel James Entwistle and Ethan R. Tolman},
Overview: The major theme of Vygotsky's theoretical framework is that social interaction plays a fundamental role in the development of cognition. Vygotsky (1978) states: "Every function in the child's cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological). This applies equally to voluntary attention, to logical memory, and to the formation of concepts. All the… 
The Twisting Path of Concept Development in Learning to Teach
Teacher education is often viewed as too theoretical and not sufficiently concerned with the realities of classroom practice. From this perspective theory and practice are cast as distinct realms
The Twisting Path of Concept Development in Learning To Teach. Report Series.
Teacher education is often viewed as too theoretical and not sufficiently concerned with the realities of classroom practice. From this perspective theory and practice are cast as distinct realms
Integrating English with total physical response for pre-schoolers’ cognitive development
This study explores the integration of English with Total Physical Response (TPR) for pre-schoolers’ cognitive development. Research was built upon, review of cognitive developmental theorists,
Theory, Practice, and the Future of Developmental Education.
Given that 30% of all students entering postsecondary institutions in this country require some form of "developmental" coursework (Boylan, 1999; Breneman & Haarlow, 1998), it seems reasonable to
Virtual Interactions in Distance Learning
This chapter suggests an evaluation tool of virtual interactions in electronic forums and reports two case studies carried out using this tool, one of which involves examining the strategies of a successful distance learning instructor in interacting with students.
Revert to Default: Insights on Transfer of Expertise in a Complex Competitive Workplace
We present findings from phase one of a study that investigates change over time in teaching methods at a large industrial innovator, where we examine the impact of an instructional development
Using Heutagogy to Address the Needs of Online Learners
In 2002, approximately 1,680 institutions offered over 54,000 online courses (Simonson, Smaldino, Albright & Zvacek, 2003). While there has been a dramatic increase in the number of such courses, the
Grappling with the literature of education research and practice.
  • E. Dolan
  • Education
    CBE life sciences education
  • 2007
In this essay, analogies to the literature of science research and practice are pointed out, and some of the literature that has been useful in becoming an education researcher are referenced.
Educational Endeavors for PreK-12 Instructional Design: NASA Partnership Opportunities
The integration of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) real-world data and educational environments makes the curricular planning and implementation less focused upon purely
Enhancing foreign language learning through the integration of computer technology
This thesis demonstrates the effectiveness of using computer technology and the Internet to enhance classroom teaching by demonstrating how such an alliance between teacher and computer can guide students to a similar alliance, bringing student performance up to an "unimaginable" potential as well.


Anchored Instruction and Its Relationship to Situated Cognition
In a recent Educational Researcher article, Brown, Collins, and Duguid (January-February 1989) discussed the concept of situated cognition. We explore relationships between this concept and our
Cognitive flexibility theory : advanced knowledge acquisition in ill-structured domains
A theoretical orientation for more successful advanced knowledge acquisition in ill-structured domains, cognitive flexibility theory is sketched, which emphasizes the use of multiple mental and pedagogical representations and the need for participatory learning, tutorial guidance, and adjunct support for aiding the management of complexity.
Dual coding theory and education
Dual coding theory (DCT) explains human behavior and experience in terms of dynamic associative processes that operate on a rich network of modality-specific verbal and nonverbal (or imagery)
Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning
Many teaching practices implicitly assume that conceptual knowledge can be abstracted from the situations in which it is learned and used. This article argues that this assumption inevitably limits
Child's Talk: Learning to Use Language
To carry out his investigations, Bruner went to "the clutter of life at home," the child's own setting for learning, rather than observing children in a "contrived video laboratory." For Bruner,
Ingredients for a theory of instruction.
The factors that need to be examined in deriving optimal instructional strategies are considered, and this analysis is used to identify the key elements of a theory of instruction.
Multiple intelligences : the theory in practice
The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences In a Nutshell A Rounded Version (with Joseph Walters) Questions and Answers About Multiple Intelligences Theory (with Joseph Walters) The Relation of Intelligence
Partners in Cognition: Extending Human Intelligence with Intelligent Technologies
We examine how technologies, particularly computer technologies that aid in cognitive processing, can support intellectual performance and enrich individuals’ minds. We distinguish between effects
Legitimate Peripheral Participation
Learning viewed as situated activity has as its central defining characteristic a process that we call legitimate peripheral participation . By this we mean to draw attention to the point that
Conversation, Cognition and Learning
The Conversation Theory developed by G. Pask originated from a cybernetics framework and attempts to explain learning in both living organisms and machines. The fundamental idea of the theory was