Exploration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function as a tool to evaluate animal welfare.

@article{Mormde2007ExplorationOT,
  title={Exploration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function as a tool to evaluate animal welfare.},
  author={Pierre Morm{\`e}de and St{\'e}phane Andanson and Benoit Aup{\'e}rin and Bonne Beerda and Daniel Gu{\'e}men{\'e} and Jens Malmkvist and Xavier Manteca and Gerhard Manteuffel and Patrick Prunet and Cornelis G. van Reenen and Sabine Richard and Isabelle Veissier},
  journal={Physiology & behavior},
  year={2007},
  volume={92 3},
  pages={317-39}
}
Measuring HPA axis activity is the standard approach to the study of stress and welfare in farm animals. Although the reference technique is the use of blood plasma to measure glucocorticoid hormones (cortisol or corticosterone), several alternative methods such as the measurement of corticosteroids in saliva, urine or faeces have been developed to overcome… CONTINUE READING