Corpus ID: 201725540

Exploitative Wildlife Management as a Selective Pressure for Life-History Evolution of Large Mammals

@inproceedings{FestaBianchet2005ExploitativeWM,
  title={Exploitative Wildlife Management as a Selective Pressure for Life-History Evolution of Large Mammals},
  author={M. Festa-Bianchet},
  year={2005}
}
This chapter explores the usefulness of behavioral ecology when sport hunting is either a component or the major objective of a wildlife management strategy. I examine the potential selective effects of different management practices, and argue that wildlife managers’ ignorance of those effects could have long-term negative ecological and economic consequences. Knowledge of the selective pressures caused by sport harvest could help define harvesting programs that avoid or reduce artificial… Expand
Influence of harvesting pressure on demographic tactics: implications for wildlife management.
TLDR
For wild boar, it is shown that when a population is facing a high hunting pressure, increasing the mortality in only one age-class may not allow managers to limit population growth, suggesting that simulations of management strategies based on context-specific demographic models are useful for selecting interventions for population control. Expand
ECOLOGICAL , PHYSIOLOGICAL , GENETIC TRADE-OFFS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF TROPHY HUNTING AS A CONSERVATION TOOL : A NARRATIVE REVIEW
Although the contribution of trophy hunting as a conservation tool is widely recognised, there is perpetual debate and polarization on its sustainability. This review integrates five themes mostlyExpand
An adaptive behavioural response to hunting: surviving male red deer shift habitat at the onset of the hunting season
TLDR
It is suggested that predictable harvesting regimes with high harvest rates could create a strong selective pressure for deer to respond dynamically to the temporal change in hunting risk, given that it is linked to increased survival, an important fitness component. Expand
How constraints affect the hunter’s decision to shoot a deer
TLDR
To explain the emerging selection pattern, behavioral microfoundations for a hunting model are developed, emphasizing in particular the constraints given by the formal and informal norms, rules, and regulations that govern the hunter’s choice. Expand
The effects of selective harvesting on life history traits of moose Alces alces
TLDR
The results suggest that young males have become an increasingly important factor in the Finnish moose population, and underlines the importance of monitoring moose populations and of evolutionarily enlightened management. Expand
Management of Harvested Wildlife Populations
Humans have been harvesting wild populations for the entire extent of human history. In most early human societies, a successful hunt not only fed one’s family, but also brought respect from bothExpand
Molecular ecological approaches to studying the evolutionary impact of selective harvesting in wildlife
TLDR
Effective wildlife management practice needs to consider more than the direct impact of harvesting on population dynamics, and programs that utilize molecular genetic tools will be better positioned to assess the long‐term evolutionary impact of artificial selection on the evolutionary trajectory and viability of harvested populations. Expand
REVIEW: The management of wild large herbivores to meet economic, conservation and environmental objectives
Summary 1. Wild large herbivores provide goods and income to rural communities, have major impacts on land use and habitats of conservation importance and, in some cases, face local or globalExpand
Behavioral Indicators for Conserving Mammal Diversity
TLDR
Conservation strategies will often be most effective if they build on research programs targeting the processes influencing adaptive behaviors and that assess whether wild‐type or novel behaviors are most likely to sustain populations into the future. Expand
Inefficiency of evolutionarily relevant selection in ungulate trophy hunting
TLDR
The topic of harvest-based selection in male ungulates is reviewed and the inefficiency of trophy hunting in changing genetic expression of phenotype is discussed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...