Exploitation of environmental noise by an araneophagic assassin bug

@article{Wignall2011ExploitationOE,
  title={Exploitation of environmental noise by an araneophagic assassin bug},
  author={Anne E. Wignall and Robert R. Jackson and R. Stimson Wilcox and Phillip W Taylor},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2011},
  volume={82},
  pages={1037-1042}
}
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TLDR
The behaviour adopted by Stenolemus bituberus (Stål) during encounters with web-building spiders is characterised in detail, this being an important step toward understanding this species’ predatory strategy.
Alternative predatory tactics of an araneophagic assassin bug (Stenolemus bituberus)
TLDR
It is found that S. bituberus were most likely to hunt and capture spiders from the genus Achaearanea, a particularly common prey in nature, and tactics were tailored to the prey species, with luring used more often against spiders fromThe genus A ChaearaneA, and stalking used more frequently against Pholcus phalangioides.
Assassin bug uses aggressive mimicry to lure spider prey
TLDR
Vibration generated by bugs had a temporal structure and amplitude that were similar to vibrations generated by leg and body movements of prey and distinctly different to vibrations from courting males or leaves, or prey beating their wings.
Opportunistic use of cognitive smokescreens by araneophagic jumping spiders
TLDR
Experimental evidence supports three conclusions: while relying on optical cues alone, P. fimbriata perceives when Z. genicularis is wrapping up prey, and when busy wrappingUp prey, the responsiveness of Z. Genicularis to cues from potential predators is diminished and the strategy is effective.
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TLDR
In laboratory experiments using lures, six salticid species from four genera are shown to use an opportunistic smokescreen tactic, comparable to a tactic previously demonstrated in Portia, in experiments using living prey instead of lures.
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TLDR
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TLDR
Portia’s smokescreen behaviour apparently is a true predatory tactic because she attacked prey more often during disturbances than at other times, and appears to work in part because the disturbances that Portiauses for smokescreens interfere with the prey's ability to sense Portia's stalking movements.
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Results of this study indicate that predation pressure from large jumping spiders might be one selection force driving the evolution of nearly perfect myrmecomorphy in spiders and other arthropods.
Biology and life history of the araneophagic assassin bug Stenolemus bituberus including a morphometric analysis of the instars (Heteroptera, Reduviidae)
TLDR
This study revealed that S. bituberus is univoltine with five juvenile instars, and appears to have two distinct hunting strategies: “stalking”, in which they slowly approach the spider, make contact and then strike; and “luring’, inWhich they attract the spider within range by manipulating the silk with their legs.
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