Explicit and Direct Self-Serving Bias in Japan

@article{Kudo2003ExplicitAD,
  title={Explicit and Direct Self-Serving Bias in Japan},
  author={Eriko Kudo and Makoto Numazaki},
  journal={Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={34},
  pages={511 - 521}
}
This study reports an experiment that was conducted to reexamine self-serving bias for success and failure among Japanese participants. Previous research has generally failed to find that Japanese participants exhibit a self-serving bias. However, with careful procedures added to reduce evaluation apprehension of participants, the participants in the success condition made more internal attribution than those in the failure condition. The authors discuss self-serving bias and self-critical bias… Expand

Figures from this paper

Exploring Causes of the Self‐serving Bias
The self-serving bias refers to a tendency for people to take personal responsibility for their desirable outcomes yet externalize responsibility for their undesirable outcomes. We review a varietyExpand
American and Japanese beliefs about self-esteem: Self-esteem beliefs
Cross-cultural researchers have tended to share the Western assumption that self-esteem (SE) is both desirable and consequential. However, no study has empirically investigated whether thisExpand
Reacting to negative self-relevant information in an interpersonal context
Using a newly developed perspective provided by cross-cultural research, the concept of face, I conducted three experiments to examine the impact self-construal, feedback source and interpersonalExpand
The Reporting of Self-Esteem in Japan and Canada
Japanese tend to report lower self-esteem than do Westerners. What this behavioral difference indicates about the private sentiments of individuals in Japan and Western countries such as Canada hasExpand
Mortality salience effects on modesty and relative self-effacement
Terror management theory argues that mortality salience (MS) enhances adherence to cultural norms. Recent cross-cultural research has suggested that Japanese culture emphasizes modesty and theExpand
Biased Self‐Perception Tendencies: Self‐Enhancement/Self‐Diminishment and Leader Derailment in Individualistic and Collectivistic Cultures
Self–other agreement (SOA) discrepancies are commonly interpreted as a lack of self-awareness. The consistent display of such discrepancies could be considered a behavioral manifestation of biasedExpand
Cultural differences in athlete attributions for success and failure: the sports pages revisited.
TLDR
Results are inconsistent with a large body of research suggesting that Japanese do not show self-serving biases in attribution, and are discussed in the light of differences in methodology, context, and participants that may have contributed to these effects. Expand
Self‐Serving Bias
How do people explain good and bad outcomes in their lives? People tend to attribute their successes to internal factors but attribute their failures to external factors. That is, people may toutExpand
Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection Strategies in China
The motive to enhance and protect positive views of the self manifests in a variety of cognitive and behavioral strategies, but its universality versus cultural specificity is debated by scholars. WeExpand
The Relationship between Self-Aggrandizement and Self-Esteem in Japanese and American University Students
"Better than average" self-evaluations co-occur with and are generally accepted as evidence of high self-esteem in North Americans, and this pattern has been viewed as universal. But studies in JapanExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
The Self-Serving Bias in Attributions as a Coping Strategy
The present study suggests that American students tend to use an individual coping strategy (i.e., self-serving attributions) more than Japanese students do in dealing with success and failureExpand
Self-enhancement in Japan and America
North Americans view themselves in more positive terms than they view most other people. In the present paper, we report three studies showing that this bias is also found in Japan. For highly valuedExpand
Culture and Positive Illusions in Close Relationships: How My Relationships Are Better than Yours
Although routinely observed among North Americans, self-enhancing biases have been elusive in studies conducted with Japanese. The authors conducted two studies of relationship-serving biases (RSBs)Expand
Why is Self-Enhancement Low in Certain Collectivist Cultures?
The purpose of the present study is to compare two alternative explanations for the low self-enhancement that characterizes collectivist cultures: (a) lack of a self-enhancement motive arising fromExpand
Two Roads to Positive Regard: Implicit and Explicit Self-Evaluation and Culture
Abstract Three studies examined the implicit (nonconscious) and explicit (conscious) self-concepts of people who varied in their degree of exposure to individualistic cultures. Studies 1 and 2Expand
Implicit Self-Esteem in Japan: Name Letters and Birthday Numbers
Japanese studies have repeatedly failed to obtain any explicit tendency to enhance self-esteem. In two studies, the authors attempted an implicit assessment of positive feelings attached to JapaneseExpand
EFFECTS OF SELF-ESTEEM ON ATTRIBUTION OF SUCCESS-FAILURE
This study aims at the investigation of the effects of self-esteem on attribution of one's own success or failure. Subjects were seventy 8th grade pupils, whose self-esteem scores measured by theExpand
Is there a universal need for positive self-regard?
TLDR
The need for positive self-regard, as it is currently conceptualized, is not a universal, but rather is rooted in significant aspects of North American culture. Expand
Egotism in group members: Public and private attributions of responsibility for group performance.
The attributional egotism of individuals may be particularly important when they serve as members of cooperative groups. Within a group one's fellow members may be granted or denied credit for aExpand
THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL APPROVAL NEEDS ON THE PRESENTATION OF CAUSAL ATTRIBUTIONS
The present study investigated how experimentally manipulating Ss' needs for social approval (NAP) affected their presentation of causal attributions. NAP was manipulated in one of two dimensions,Expand
...
1
2
3
...