Explication and Implications of the Placebo Concept

@inproceedings{Grnbaum1984ExplicationAI,
  title={Explication and Implications of the Placebo Concept},
  author={Adolf Gr{\"u}nbaum},
  year={1984}
}
Just what is the problem of identifying an intervention or treatment t of one sort or another as a placebo for a target disorder D? One set of circumstances, among others, in which the need for such an identification may arise is the following: After the administration of t to some victims of D, some of them recover from their affliction to a significant extent. Now suppose that there is cogent evidence that this improvement can indeed be causally attributed at all to some factors or other… 
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References

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TLDR
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