Explaining the Trinity to Muslims and Jews in Medieval Christian Mission: Lessons from the “Life of Cyril”

  title={Explaining the Trinity to Muslims and Jews in Medieval Christian Mission: Lessons from the “Life of Cyril”},
  author={Edward L. Smither},
  journal={International Bulletin of Mission Research},
  pages={142 - 151}
Cyril (ca. 826–69) is remembered in Christian and mission history for the celebrated Slavic mission. What is less emphasized, however, and the focus of this article, is Cyril’s prior mission work among Arab Muslims in Samarra (modern Iraq) and among the Khazars (in present-day southern Russia), which included both Jews and Muslims. In this article, I analyze how Cyril the philosopher presented the Gospel, Christ, and the Trinity and responded to the queries of these medieval Muslim and Jewish… Expand


On the English Translation of
The Gospel from Everywhere to Everyone (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003), 19–20
  • Author biography Edward L. Smither is professor and Academic Dean of Intercultural Studies at Columbia International University, Columbia, South Carolina. His books include Mission in the Early Church (Cascade Books, 2014) and Controversies in Mission
  • 2016
Tachioas, Cyril and Methodius of Thessalonica: The Acculturation of the Slavs (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s
  • 2001
Founders of Slavonic Writing, ed
  • Ivan Duichev, trans. Spass Nikolov
  • 1985
Byzantine Missions, 287; see John Meyerdorff
  • Dumbarton Oaks Papers
  • 1964
Byzantine Views of Islam
Cyril's given name was Constantine (also spelled Konstantin); he took the name Cyril when he officially became a monk, toward the end of his life