Explaining the PKK's Mobilization of the Kurds in Turkey: Hegemony, Myth and Violence

  title={Explaining the PKK's Mobilization of the Kurds in Turkey: Hegemony, Myth and Violence},
  author={Cengiz Gunes},
  pages={247 - 267}
  • Cengiz Gunes
  • Published 30 July 2013
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • Ethnopolitics
This article focuses on the PKK's (Kurdistan Workers' Party) nationalist mobilization of the Kurds in Turkey in the past 30 years. By drawing on the concepts of ‘hegemony’ and ‘myth’, it examines the constitution of Kurdish political subjectivity and the representation of Kurdish identity and difference in political discourse. It reflects on the ideological and political debates over strategy and the contestation over identity that numerous Kurdish political organizations took part in during… 

Violence and nationalist mobilization: the onset of the Kurdish insurgency in Turkey

According to theories of nonviolent resistance, violence is counterproductive and undermines the ability of a movement to achieve mass support. At the same time, studies of ethnic insurgencies

From National Liberation War to Self-defense: A Historical Glance at Öcalan’s Perspective on Violence

The leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan or PKK), Abdullah Öcalan, has played a crucial role in shaping the road map of the PKK since the founding of the organization in

Oppression, Solidarity, Resistance: The Forging of Kurdish Identity in Turkey

Abstract This paper examines the intersection of oppression and Kurdish resistance to the state in Turkey and the impacts these have on the formation of ethnic identity amongst the Kurds of

The Rise of Feminism in the PKK: Ideology or Strategy?

: Studies on women in nationalist guerrilla movements, such as in Sri Lanka and Angola, find that women’s militancy has not lead to changes in traditional patriarchal structures. Contradicting much

‘Our Syrian brothers’: Refugees and ethnicity in turkish political rhetoric

In the early years of the Turkish state, national unity along the lines of ethnic identity became crucial and any opposition to unity sparked animosity between the Turkish government and its ethnic

The Kurdish Resurgence in a Changing Middle East

  • Cengiz Gunes
  • Political Science
    The Kurds in a New Middle East
  • 2018
This chapter provides an account of the history of the Kurdish question in the Middle East. It explores the main political developments taking place in each of the Kurdish conflicts and highlights

International Relations in the Middle East

Developing an original theoretical approach to understanding the roots of regional conflict and cooperation, International Relations in the Middle East explores domestic and international foreign

Armed social movements and insurgency : the PKK and its communities of support

The supportive environments which sustain armed groups are arguably an understudied aspect of political violence; it is widely acknowledged that all armed groups necessitate a degree of popular

Nationalism, history and civilization in Öcalan’s thought

ABSTRACT Using an interpretive-textual method, this study seeks to analyse the major characteristics of Abdullah Öcalan’s narrative of history in terms of the relationship between history and

Transnationalized Domestic Contention: Explaining The Varying Levels Of Western Solidarity Given To Kurds And Palestinians

Why do Western-based solidarity networks mobilize in support of some groups engaged in contentious political action abroad but not others? Since the late 1950s, a number of these solidarity networks



Kurdish Politics in Turkey: Ideology, Identity and Transformations

The rise of the Kurdish national movement in Turkey since the 1960s and the conflict between the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK in its Kurdish acronyms) and the Turkish state in the past 25 years

Turkey's Kurds: A Theoretical Analysis of the PKK and Abdullah Ocalan

Introduction Part 1: Nationalism 1. Distilling the 'Mongrelized' Twin Concepts of Modernity 2. The Twilight of 'Communist Nationalism' 3. Kurds' Nationness and Nationalism in Modern Turkey Part 2:

The Kurds and the State: Evolving National Identity in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran

This is a timely book that analyzes the formation of Kurdish national identity from the late Imperial period to the present. In tracing the evolution of Kurdish nationalism, Denise Natali shows that,

Resettlement and Reconstruction of Identity: The Case of the Kurds in Turkey

In an effort to root out the PKK, the government of Turkey used indiscriminate counter-insurgency methods, also targeting the civilian population, by means of forced evacuation and village destruction in Kurdish-populated rural areas.

Kurds and the Turkish State

Together with the irtica (‘religious reaction’), the Kurdish question has constituted the most important challenge to the Turkish Republic since its foundation in 1923. The trajectory of the Kurdish

The Kurdish Nationalist Movement: Opportunity, Mobilization and Identity

David Romano's 2006 book focuses on the Kurdish case to try and make sense of ethnic nationalist resurgence generally. In a world rent by a growing number of such conflicts, the questions posed about

The Kurdish Question and Turkey: An Example of a Trans-State Ethnic Conflict

Kirisci and Winrows courageous and timely account is unquestionably the single most important study to date on the intricacies and difficulties of Turkey"s Kurdish question." Henri J. Barkey, Lehigh

A Modern History of the Kurds

1. Introduction: Kurdish identity and social formation. Book I The Kurds in the age of tribe and empire: 2. Kurdistan before the 19th century 3. Ottoman Kurdistan, 1800-1850 4. Ottoman Kurdistan,

Aspects of the Kurdish Problem in Turkey

This article examines the Kurdish problem in its Turkish context. It focuses on those factors which have contributed to it and which may equally apply to other groups who feel excluded from and

Transnationalization of Human Rights Norms and Its Impact on Internally Displaced Kurds

This paper addresses the less researched topic of internal displacement as a human rights issue and analyzes the extent that the transnationalization of human rights issues and the pressures from