Explaining moderation in nationalism: Divergent trajectories of national conservative parties in Estonia and Latvia

  title={Explaining moderation in nationalism: Divergent trajectories of national conservative parties in Estonia and Latvia},
  author={Li Bennich-Bj{\"o}rkman and Karl Magnus Johansson},
  journal={Comparative European Politics},
The puzzle to be explained in this article is how and why parties experience variation in the degree of moderation in nationalism. The article submits that an important indicator for such variation can be found in the extent to which a party is transnationally embedded, but the central claim of this article is that while external influences may well temper party nationalism they are filtered through predominantly internal factors, notably the cleavage structure and the political culture. The… 

Between Identities and Interests

While much of this book is about mass attitudes, values and identities, Chap. 3 is also concerned with political behaviour: how and to what extent does political culture translate into support for

When Left and Right Is a Matter ofIdentity: Overlapping Political Dimensions in Estonia and Latvia

“Socialism” became largely discredited all over Central and Eastern Europe with the collapse of communism, but perhaps more so in the Baltic countries. The three Baltic countries have in common a


The article analyses the neighbourhood effect in the voting behaviour of the Latvians at the four recent parliamentary elections, the ethnic and national leaning of parties considered. The study

Ethnopolitics Across Central and Eastern Europe in a State of Flux: Time for Updating and Upgrading?

This chapter illustrates why and how the existing theoretical models in the study of ethnopolitics need to be updated in light of the latest developments and the increasing impact of new catalysts.

Integration Policy and Outcomes for the Russian-Speaking Minority in Estonia

Estonia’s integration policy vis-à-vis its Russian-speaking residents was developed and reformed several times since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. While comparative data from the

Parenting Values and Practices Across Post-Communist Societies in Youth Identity Formation: A Literature Review

This chapter reviews the literature analyzing whether and how post-communism transition has transformed parenting values and practices and how these changes might have had an impact on youth identity

Geopolitics, Ethnopolitics and the EU: The Cases of Serbia and Latvia

ABSTRACT This work is a study on the patterns of managing ethnic relations in Serbia and Latvia. It aims at enhancing the cross-regional exchange of knowledge between the Western Balkans and the

Resistance to change: the ideological immoderation of the Nationalist Action Party in Turkey

ABSTRACT While much has been written to explain the mutation of Islamic-oriented parties in Turkey from pursuing an Islamic ideological cause to embracing vote-seeking behavior and democratic

Consolidated technocratic and ethnic hollowness, but no backsliding: reassessing Europeanisation in Estonia and Latvia

  • L. Cianetti
  • Political Science
    Rethinking ‘Democratic Backsliding’ in Central and Eastern Europe
  • 2020
ABSTRACT This article contributes to the growing debate on democratic backsliding in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), by expanding on Béla Greskovits’s distinction between backsliding and

Identity Politics and Right-Wing Populism in Estonia: The Case of EKRE

  • V. Petsinis
  • Political Science, Sociology
    Nationalism and Ethnic Politics
  • 2019
Abstract This case study focuses on Estonia and introduces the populist and radical right-wing party of EKRE (Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond/Estonian Conservative People’s Party). It demonstrates



Centre—Right Parties and Political Outcomes in East Central Europe

The emergence of moderate centre—right parties in East Central Europe after 1989 was closely related to the strength and nature of organized opposition during the late communist period. Where such

Changes in the party politics of the new EU member states in Central Europe: patterns of Europeanization and democratization

The article falls into three parts: an introduction that points to some general links between Europeanization, democratization and party status in the new accession countries, a more extensive

Tempered by the EU? Political parties and party systems before and after accession

Party systems of European Union (EU) candidate states follow a predictable evolution over time. Before negotiations begin, most major political parties respond to EU leverage by adopting agendas that

The EU and Party Politics in Central and Eastern Europe: Questions and Issues

The broad principle of Europeanization was a guiding light for the transformation that has taken place in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) since communist rule began to crumble in 1989. This was no

The Impact of the European Union on Party Politics in Central and Eastern Europe

The chapters included in this volume have covered much ground, from the place of parties in the accession referendums to the strategies followed by parties in the 2004 EP elections. In this

Understanding processes of ethnic control: segmentation, dependency and co–optation in post–communist Estonia

ABSTRACT. Amidst an arguably exhaustive range of studies regarding ethno-politicsin post-communist Estonia, this article sets out a new framework derived from IanLustick’s model of ethnic control. We

Parties, Populism, and Anti-Establishment Politics in East Central Europe

Populism is a dynamic phenomenon. Yet scholars studying populism in post-communist Europe have often treated their topic as static. For example, in the 1990s researchers concentrated on the idea of a

Assessing Democratic Consolidation in Central & Eastern Europe: The European Dimension

The broad theme is the relationship between the EU accession process up to 2004 and democratic consolidation in Central & Eastern Europe. The particular focus is on the EU's political conditions for

International and transnational factors

Introduction PART 1 COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES 1. Western Actors and the Promotion of Democracy 2. Regionalization and Democratic Consolidation 3. The Impact of External Economic Factors: The Role of

The Radical Right in Postsocialist Central and Eastern Europe: Comparative Observations and Interpretations

The writer Tom Wolfe is said to have observed that “the specter of fascism is constantly hovering over America but always seems to land in Europe.” With the break-up of the Soviet empire and the