Explaining durable diversity in international systems: : State, company, and empire in the indian ocean

  title={Explaining durable diversity in international systems: : State, company, and empire in the indian ocean},
  author={Andrew N. Phillips and Jason Campbell Sharman},
  journal={International Studies Quarterly},
International Relations theories generally hold that increased interaction between units in an international system produces convergence in their forms through military competition, institutional emulation, or normative socialization. In contrast, we argue that diverse international systems can endure despite increasing interaction. The early modern Indian Ocean international system hosted a variety of statist, corporate, and imperial polities. Diversity endured for three reasons. First… 

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