Explaining San Diego’s Decline in Illegal Street‐Racing Casualties

  title={Explaining San Diego’s Decline in Illegal Street‐Racing Casualties},
  author={John L. Worrall and Stephen G. Tibbetts},
  journal={Justice Quarterly},
  pages={530 - 544}
Illegal street racing has become a pressing problem for cities and counties throughout the United States. In response to the problem, San Diego was the first city to pass a spectator ordinance, making attendance at an illegal street race an arrestable offense. Shortly after the spectator ordinance went into effect, a forfeiture ordinance was passed. This provides for forfeiture of vehicles used in illegal speed contests. A recent drop in illegal street‐racing casualties has been attributed to… 

Street Racing: A Neglected Research Area?

Street racing is a neglected research area and the time has come to examine the prevalence and causes of street racing and the effectiveness of various street racing countermeasures.

Evaluation of Deterrent Impact of Ontario's Street Racing and Stunt Driving Law on Extreme Speeding Convictions

The findings of this study are congruent with deterrence theory that certain, swift, and severe sanctions can deter risky driving behavior and support the hypothesis that legal sanctions can have an impact on the extreme speeding convictions of the intervention group.

Governing Incivility: An Ethnographic Account of Municipal Law Enforcement, Urban Renewal and Neighbourhood Conflict in the City of Hamilton


Prevalence and Correlates of Street Racing Among Ontario High School Students

This first population-based study in North America suggested that the prevalence of street racing at 1 in 5 of advanced or fully licensed high-schoolers in grades 11 and 12 poses significant public health concerns, especially related to the potential for unintentional injury.

From Modification to Magic: The Significance of Winning and How to Get It in The Street Racing Arena

Street racing became a teenager trend in Pasuruan East Java Indonesia, although accidents often come to pass but do not dampen the spirit of teenagers in street racing competition. The focus in this

Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy

This paper evaluates the theory that in authoritarian regimes leaders of civil society follow the mainstream press not so much for the specific information it provides, but rather as a barometer for

Social Status and Opioid Drugged Driving

Analysis of data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System shows that fatally injured drivers who used opioids prior to the crash were more often male, White, non-Hispanic, and older compared to other statuses.

Evaluation of Ontario's Street Racers, Stunt and Aggressive Drivers Legislation

.............................................................................................................................. ii Co-Authorship



The fast and the fatal: street racing fatal crashes in the United States

Compared with other drivers involved in fatal crashes, street racers were more likely to be teenagers, male, and have previous crashes and driving violations.

The Deterrent Effect of Criminal Law Enforcement

and Administration of Justice estimated the economic costs of reported crime in the U.S. in 1965 at $21 billion (about four per cent of the reported national income),' which exceeded the economic

Hot Spots of Predatory Crime: Routine Activities and the Criminology of Place

A leading sociological theory of crime is the “routine activities” approach (Cohen and Felson, 1979). The premise of this ecological theory is that criminal events result from likely offenders,

Deterrent effects of police raids on crack houses: A randomized, controlled experiment

We tested the block-level deterrent effects on crime of uniformed police raids of crack houses. Court-authorized raids were legally possible on 207 blocks with at least five calls for police service

Police Crackdowns: Initial and Residual Deterrence

Police crackdowns are sudden increases in officer presence, sanctions, and threats of apprehension either for specific offenses or for all offenses in specific places. Of eighteen case studies of

Shame and Embarrassment as Deterrents to Noncompliance with the Law

The present research draws from theories in criminology which suggest that threats of shame, a self-imposed punishment, and threats of embarrassment, a socially imposed punishment, function much like

Rational Choice and Criminal Behavior : Recent Research and Future Challenges

1.Individual Propensities and Rational Decision-Making: Recent Findings and Promising Approaches -Stephen G. Tibbetts and Chris L. Gibson 2.Rationality and Corporate Offending Decisions -Sally S.

The Effects of “Tough” Drunk Driving Laws on Policing: A Case Study

In 1982, California passed into law severe sanctions for driving while intoxicated. The effects of these law changes on policing were investigated. Using limited time series and elite interview

Using Sentence Enhancements to Distinguish between Deterrence and Incapacitation

It is demonstrated that the introduction of sentence enhancements (i.e. increased punishments that are added on to prison sentences that would have been served anyway) provides a direct means of measuring deterrence.

Can police deter drunk driving?

Economic studies using aggregate data generally find that higher taxes are the most effective policy to reduce drunk driving while criminologists report strong evidence supporting law enforcement