Explaining Real-Life Events: How Culture and Domain Shape Attributions

@article{Lee1996ExplainingRE,
  title={Explaining Real-Life Events: How Culture and Domain Shape Attributions},
  author={Fiona Lee and Mark Hallahan and Thaddeus A. Herzog},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={1996},
  volume={22},
  pages={732 - 741}
}
Several lines of experimental research have shown that attributional styles are affected by the attributor's culture, inferential goals, and level of cognitive processing. Can these findings be replicated in natural settings? This study compared the attributions made in two domains (sports articles and editorials) of newspapers published in two culturally distinct countries (Hong Kong and the United States). Consistent with the cross-cultural research, attributions were less dispositional in… Expand
Culture and the construal of agency : Attribution to individual versus group dispositions
The authors argue that cultures differ in implicit theories of individuals and groups. North Americans conceive of individual persons as free agents, whereas East Asians conceptualize them asExpand
Dispositions, scripts, or motivated correction? Understanding ideological differences in explanations for social problems.
TLDR
Results were most consistent with the motivated correction explanation, and shed further light on the cognitive strategies and motivational priorities of liberals and conservatives. Expand
Culture, attribution and automaticity: a social cognitive neuroscience view.
  • M. Mason, M. Morris
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Social cognitive and affective neuroscience
  • 2010
TLDR
Findings relevant to the automaticity of attribution are considered, before speculating how one could use a social neuroscience approach to clarify whether culture affects automatic, controlled or both types of attribution processes. Expand
Cultural differences in the correction of social inferences: Does the dispositional rebound occur in an interdependent culture?
TLDR
The dispositional rebound occurred for both Belgian and Belgian participants when confronted with a forced target, but disappeared for Thai participants when the situational constraints of the target were made salient. Expand
Motivated cultural cognition: the impact of implicit cultural theories on dispositional attribution varies as a function of need for closure.
The authors propose that need for closure (NFC) leads attributors to respond to an ambiguous social event by increasing reliance on implicit theories received from acculturation. Hence, the influenceExpand
East—West Differences in Attributions for Company Performance
Prior cross-cultural studies indicate that the self-serving attributional bias is more prevalent in Western cultures than in Eastern cultures. There is, however, a dearth of research looking intoExpand
Running head: CULTURE AND ATTRIBUTION Causal Attribution across Cultures: Variation and Universality
Growing cross-cultural evidence suggests that East Asians are less likely to show the correspondence bias, or a preference for explanations of behavior in terms of traits, dispositions, or otherExpand
Causal attribution across cultures: Variation and universality.
Growing cross-cultural evidence suggests that East Asians are less likely to show the correspondence bias, or a preference for explanations of behavior in terms of traits, dispositions, or otherExpand
Culture, implicit theories and the attribution of morality
Recent research (Choi and Nisbett 1998, 2000; Choi et al. 1999; Ji et al. 2000; Nisbett et al. 2001) has repeatedly shown that compared to Westerners, East Asians pay greater attention to situationalExpand
Cross-cultural models for explaining events
The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the association between culture and causal attribution for Saami and Norwegian participants. Data was collected through cognitive mapping, aExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Attributions in the Sports Pages
University of IowaThe present investigation extended the generality of attribution research byexploring several important, issues in a highly involving real-world setting inwhich attributionsExpand
Culture and development of everyday social explanation.
  • J. G. Miller
  • Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1984
TLDR
Evidence suggests that these cross-cultural and developmental differences result from contrasting cultural conceptions of the person acquired over development in the two cultures rather than from cognitive. Expand
Perceiving the Causes of Success and Failure
The present study examines cross-cultural perceptions of causal attributions pertinent to success and failure in achievement-related contexts. Two groups of participants(taxi drivers and civilExpand
Accountability: A social check on the fundamental attribution error.
Previous attitude-attribution studies indicate that people are often quick to draw conclusions about the attitudes and personalities of others-even when plausible external or situational causes forExpand
The Intuitive Psychologist And His Shortcomings: Distortions in the Attribution Process1
Publisher Summary Attribution theory is concerned with the attempts of ordinary people to understand the causes and implications of the events they witness. It deals with the “naive psychology” ofExpand
Attributions for Promotion and Demotion in the United States and India
Abstract Weiner et al. have proposed a model of attributions for task performance that categorizes achievement attributions in terms of an internal/external dimension and a stable/unstable dimension.Expand
The Attribution of Attitudes
Abstract Three experiments were conducted within the framework of correspondent inference theory. In each of the experiments the subjects were instructed to estimate the “true” attitude of a targetExpand
Asian Self-Effacement or Feminine Modesty?
This report describes the attributional styles of women university students in Taiwan and compares these patterns to those of men students in Taiwan and women students in the United States. Using aExpand
Does the Concept of the Person Vary Cross-Culturally?
Our concern in this essay is with other people’s conceptions of the person and ideas about the self. Our aim is to interpret a widespread mode of social thought often referred to as concrete,Expand
Culture theory : essays on mind, self, and emotion
Preview: a colloquy of culture theorists Richard A. Shweder Part I. Culture Theory: An Introduction 1. Anthropology's romantic rebellion against the enlightenment, or there's more to thinking thanExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...