Explaining Constrains Causal Learning in Childhood.

  title={Explaining Constrains Causal Learning in Childhood.},
  author={Caren M. Walker and Tania Lombrozo and Joseph J Williams and Anna N. Rafferty and Alison Gopnik},
  journal={Child development},
  volume={88 1},
Three experiments investigate how self-generated explanation influences children's causal learning. Five-year-olds (N = 114) observed data consistent with two hypotheses and were prompted to explain or to report each observation. In Study 1, when making novel generalizations, explainers were more likely to favor the hypothesis that accounted for more observations. In Study 2, explainers favored a hypothesis that was consistent with prior knowledge. Study 3 pitted a hypothesis that accounted for… CONTINUE READING

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