Expert performance: Its structure and acquisition.

@article{Ericsson1994ExpertPI,
  title={Expert performance: Its structure and acquisition.},
  author={Karin Ericsson and Neil Charness},
  journal={American Psychologist},
  year={1994},
  volume={49},
  pages={725-747}
}
Counter to the common belief that expert performance reflects innate abilities and capacities, recent research in different domains of expertise has shown that expert performance is predominantly mediated by acquired complex skills and physiological adaptations. For elite performers, supervised practice starts at very young ages and is maintained at high daily levels for more than a decade. The effects of extended deliberate practice are more far-reaching than is commonly believed. Performers… 

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