Experiments in Producing Nonresponse Bias

@article{Groves2006ExperimentsIP,
  title={Experiments in Producing Nonresponse Bias},
  author={Robert M. Groves and Mick P. Couper and Stanley Presser and Eleanor Singer and Roger Tourangeau and Giorgina Piani Acosta and Lindsay D. Nelson},
  journal={Public Opinion Quarterly},
  year={2006},
  volume={70},
  pages={720-736}
}
While nonresponse rates in household surveys are increasing in most industrialized nations, the increasing rates do not always produce nonresponse bias in survey estimates. The linkage between nonresponse rates and nonresponse bias arises from the presence of a covariance between response propensity and the survey variables of interest. To understand the covariance term, researchers must think about the common influences on response propensity and the survey variable. Three variables appear to… 

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