Experimental study of atlas injuries. I. Biomechanical analysis of their mechanisms and fracture patterns.

@article{Panjabi1991ExperimentalSO,
  title={Experimental study of atlas injuries. I. Biomechanical analysis of their mechanisms and fracture patterns.},
  author={Manohar M. Panjabi and Toyohiko Oda and Joseph J. Crisco and Thomas Oxland and Lillemor Katz and Lutz Peter Nolte},
  journal={Spine},
  year={1991},
  volume={16 10 Suppl},
  pages={S460-5}
}
Understanding injury mechanisms is important for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of spinal injuries. Using 10 fresh cadaveric human spine specimens of occiput to C3, clinically similar injuries of the atlas (C1) were produced with high-speed (4.4 m/sec) axial compression. The traumatic event was biomechanically monitored. The resulting injuries were studied with radiography, computed tomography, and a multidirectional instability test. The average compressive failure force was 3,050 N… CONTINUE READING
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