Experimental method and spontaneous generation: the controversy between Pasteur and Pouchet, 1859--64.

@article{RollHansen1979ExperimentalMA,
  title={Experimental method and spontaneous generation: the controversy between Pasteur and Pouchet, 1859--64.},
  author={N. Roll-Hansen},
  journal={Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences},
  year={1979},
  volume={34 3},
  pages={
          273-92
        }
}
  • N. Roll-Hansen
  • Published 1979
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences
j HE introduction of the experimental method in biology has traditionally been seen as the main ingredient of the nineteenth century revolution in that science. Louis Pasteur was perhaps the greatest prophet of the new experimental biology, and his contribution to settling the question of spontaneous generation has been taken as a model of proper experimental method. He combined theoretical boldness and imagination with a critical scientific attitude and thorough methods of testing disputed… Expand

Topics from this paper

Revisiting the Pouchet–Pasteur controversy over spontaneous generation: understanding experimental method
  • N. Roll-Hansen
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • History and philosophy of the life sciences
  • 2018
TLDR
It is argued that Bernard’s fact-oriented methodology of “experimental medicine” is a better guide to explaining the controversy than the hypothetic-deductive view of scientific method typical of logical empiricism. Expand
The role of the French Academy of sciences in the clarification of the issue of spontaneous generation in the mid-nineteenth century
Summary Among the literature of the 1970s which enthusiastically emphasized the externalist approach to the history of science was an article by John Farley and Gerald L. Geison which has often beenExpand
The Death of Spontaneous Generation and the Birth of the Gene: Two Case Studies of Relativism
Relativists in the history and sociology of science have recently claimed that whatever the status of the philosophical debate, their empirical programme is very successful: relativistic case studiesExpand
Social Objectivity Under Scrutiny in the Pasteur–Pouchet Debate
Under the influence of naturalistic approaches, contemporary philosophy of science tends to characterize scientific objectivity not by virtue of the individualistic following of rules or satisfyingExpand
Controversy in science
TLDR
Mendelsohn (1987) points out that controversies are fundamental to the production of knowledge in the sciences and that conflict is a natural outcome of the structure of scientific enterprise. Expand
Au Conntraire, professeur Pasteur!
TLDR
The belief in spontaneous generation was upheld for almost a century more until the final blows were dealt by the English physicist John Tyndall in his confrontation with Henry Charlton Bastian and as a result of the famous showdown of science, personality and politics between Louis Pasteur and Félix Archimède Pouchet. Expand
Introduction: The Sociological Turn
The problem we are concerned with here is just this: How should we understand science? Are we to account for scientific knowledge1 by appeal to the various social factors which may have beenExpand
Spontaneous Generation and Disease Causation: Anton de Bary’s Experiments with Phytophthora infestans and Late Blight of Potato
  • C. Matta
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of biology
  • 2010
TLDR
De Bary’s submission to the Académie's 1859 Alhumbert prize question illustrates his own contributions to debates about spontaneous generation and demonstrates the practical applications of seemingly philosophical questions – such as the origin of life. Expand
Pasteur: an underestimated hero of science: an essay review. [Review of: Geison GL. The private science of Louis Pasteur. Princeton University Press, 1995].
  • N. Roll-Hansen
  • History, Physics
  • Centaurus; international magazine of the history of science and medicine
  • 1998
Pasteur fut l'un des plus celebres heros de la science moderne, mais manifesta moins d'attrait que Darwin ou Einstein aupres des historiens, malgre ses travaux de recherche considerables enExpand
The Shadow Biosphere Hypothesis: Non-knowledge in Emerging Disciplines
All life on Earth shares the same ancestor, the most primitive form of life that arose, in still unknown circumstances, more than 3.5 billion years ago. At least this is what is commonly assumed.Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

L . Pasteur , ' Remarques , ' Cf . Sianc
  • 1863