Preliminary assessment of the performance of oyster shells and chitin materials as adsorbents in the removal of saxitoxin in aqueous solutions
In this study, I found that oyster shell powder (OSP) can effectively adsorb Cu(2+) and Ni(2+) from wastewater, with the adsorption capacity being higher for the former ion. The isotherms for the adsorption of Cu(2+) and Ni(2+) on the OSP fitted the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich isotherms quite well (R(2)=0.949-0.984, 0.912-0.988 and 0.900-0.990, respectively). Positive values of DeltaH degrees and DeltaS degrees indicated that these adsorptions were endothermic in nature; the values of E (between 1.722 and 3.553 kJ mol(-1)) were consistent with a physical adsorption mechanism. Moreover, the adsorptions of Cu(2+) and Ni(2+) on the OSP followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. The adsorption capacities of the OSP toward Cu(2+) and Ni(2+) were 49.26-103.1 and 48.75-94.3 mg g(-1), respectively.