Experimental Use of Clovis Weaponry and Tools on African Elephants

  title={Experimental Use of Clovis Weaponry and Tools on African Elephants},
  author={George C. Frison},
  journal={American Antiquity},
  pages={766 - 784}
  • G. Frison
  • Published 1 October 1989
  • Biology
  • American Antiquity
Clovis projectile points and chipped-stone tools have been recovered in a number of archaeological sites in the New World, but these cannot be tested on mammoths, which we know from the archaeological evidence Clovis hunters were able to procure. Extensive culling of elephants in Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe provided the necessary animals to test replicas of Clovis tools and weaponry. The experiments leave little doubt that Clovis projectile points can inflict lethal wounds on African… 

Microwear Analysis of Some Clovis and Experimental Chipped Stone Tools

  • M. Kay
  • Environmental Science
  • 1996
Stone, bone or ivory implements used to kill and butcher a menagerie of now largely extinct animals are found at late Pleistocene terrestrial big game kills. Tool function of big game kill artifacts

Weapon trials: the atlatl and experiments in hunting technology

, edited by Jeff Ferguson, in prep. One of my favorite bits of archaeological jargon is the description of stone projectile points as part of “complex projectile delivery systems” (Christenson 1986).

Why did hunting weapon design change at Abri Pataud? Lithic use-wear data on armature use and hafting around 24,000–22,000 BP

A use-wear approach to the backed tool assemblages from the Recent and Final Gravettian layers of Abri Pataud shows that to understand their behavioural significance, typo-technological changes in the lithic record must be viewed in the light of functional data and detailed contextual information.

Clovis Technology

Clovis technology, as archaeologists generally recognise it, likely emerged piecemeal as people dispersed into the New World – some aspects of it can be tied to ancestry in Siberia, while other aspects are likely indigenous to North and Central America.

Clovis Lithic Technology: The Devil Is in the Details

Clovis is the best known early development in North America buts its lithic technology is poorly documented and often from animal kill sites. This evidence has been used to picture Clovis peoples as

Factors Influencing the Use of Stone Projectile Tips

This paper summarizes the results of a pilot study of the ethnographic and ethnohistorical literature designed to address certain questions concerning the use of stone projectile tips. The term “tip”

Hunting with Talc?

Abstract Collaborative excavations by the Shandong University and Field Museum at the Longshan Period site of Liangchengzhen in eastern Shandong Province, China have uncovered over 200 projectile




The Lehner Mammoth Site, Southeastern Arizona

Abstract In 1955-56 the Arizona State Museum excavated an elephant-kill site on the Lehner ranch in the San Pedro valley, near Hereford, Arizona, and found 13 projectiles, mainly Clovis fluted

Prehistoric hunters of the High Plains

The Northwestern Plains and the Adjacent Mountain Ranges: An Ecological Area for Prehistoric Hunters and Gatherers. The Archaeological Record for the Northwestern Plains and Mountains. The

Artifacts with Mammoth Remains, Naco, Arizona

On September 22, 1951, Marc Navarrete brought word to the Arizona State Museum of the discovery of two large projectile points in association with mammoth bones exposed in an arroyo eroded by

Bone Foreshafts from a Clovis Burial in Southwestern Montana

Formal and functional analyses of bone artifacts from a Clovis burial in southwestern Montana suggest that they were constructed to serve as foreshafts for attaching fluted projectile points to lance shafts.

Spring Creek Cave, Wyoming

  • G. Frison
  • Environmental Science
    American Antiquity
  • 1965
Abstract Spring Creek Cave, a single-component, habitation site in the Big Horn Basin near Ten Sleep, Wyoming, yielded an assemblage of stone artifacts diagnostic of the Late Middle Prehistoric

Daugherty Cave, Wyoming

Daugherty Cave is a double component site in the Big Horn Basin of northern Wyoming. The earlier level is representative of a widespread Late Middle Prehistoric Period occupation. The surface mater...

Bison kill by Ice Age hunters