Experimental Establishment of the Relativity of Time

@article{Kennedy1932ExperimentalEO,
  title={Experimental Establishment of the Relativity of Time},
  author={ROY J. Kennedy and Edward M. Thorndike},
  journal={Physical Review},
  year={1932},
  volume={42},
  pages={400-418}
}
None of the fundamental experiments on which the restricted principle of relativity is based requires for their explanation that the classical concept of absolute time be modified; the present experiment was devised to test directly whether time satisfies the requirements of relativity. It depends on the fact that if a pencil of homogeneous light is split into two components which are made to interfere after traversing paths of different length, their relative phases will depend on the… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The existence of a universal frame of reference, in which it propagates light, is still an unresolved problem of physics
The article shows that the existence of a universal frame of reference, in which light propagates, is still an unresolved problem of physics. The analyzed articles show that rejection of the idea ofExpand
Classical optical experiments and special relativity: A review
Classical optical experiments that confirm the validity of special relativity are considered. Transformations of spatial coordinates and time that were proposed at different times for the passageExpand
The Lorentz Transformation and the Transverse Doppler Effect
According to the dy=dy' equation of the Lorentz transformation (LT) of the special theory of relativity (STR), the value of any distance interval measured on a moving object that is orientedExpand
Space Time Asymmetry Research (STAR)
Special and General Relativity and the Standard Model (SM) of physics all rely on the postulate that the speed of light is invariant, regardless of the relative velocity of the source and observer,Expand
The relativity principle and the nature of time
Old and recent ideas concerning the nature of time are reviewed, starting from Mach's refusal of Newton's absolute time. Many experiments show that the slowing down of moving clocks is a realExpand
THE ORIGIN OF A NEW RELATIVITY, ALSO SUPPORTED BY THE NO SENSE OF EINSTEIN’S PRINCIPLES OF RELATIVITY
Based on the analysis of “The contraction of time under the action of a gravi- tational field, in different references at rest”, we conclude that space does not contract. In view of the resultExpand
Deduction of relativistic length variations based on tests using a Cryogenic Optical Resonator
Experiments with the transverse Doppler effect have demonstrated that the wavelength of light increases with the speed of the source relative to the observer. The relativity principle implies thatExpand
The Derivation of the General Form of Kinematics with the Universal Reference System
In the article, the whole class of time and position transformations was derived. These transformations were derived based on the analysis of the Michelson-Morley experiment and its improved version,Expand
The Physics Surrounding the Michelson-Morley Experiment and a New Æther Theory
From the customary view the Michelson-Morley experiment is used to expose the failure of the aether theory. The key point in this experiment is the \emph{fringe shift} of the interference pattern.Expand
The derivation of the general form of kinematics with the universal reference system
Abstract In the article, the whole class of time and position transformations was derived. These transformations were derived based on the analysis of the Michelson-Morley experiment and its improvedExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...