Experimental Characterization of a UWB Channel for Body Area Networks

Abstract

Ultrawideband (UWB) communication is a promising technology for wireless body area networks (BANs), especially for applications that require transmission of both low and high data rates with excellent energy efficiency. Therefore, understanding the unique UWB channel propagation characteristics around the human body is critical for a successful wireless system, especially for insuring the reliability of important vital sign data. Previous work has focused only on on-body channels, where both TX and RX antennas are located on the human body. In this paper, a 3–5 GHz UWB channel is measured and analyzed for human body wireless communications. Beyond the conventional on-body channel model, line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) channel models are obtained using a TX antenna placed at various locations of the human body while the RX antenna is placed away from the human body. Measurement results indicate that the human body does not significantly degrade the impedance of a monopole omnidirectional antenna. The measured path loss and multipath analysis suggest that a LOS UWB channel is excellent for low-power, high-data-rate transmission, while NLOS and on-body channels need to be reconfigured to operate at a lower data rate due to high path loss.

DOI: 10.1155/2011/703239

Extracted Key Phrases

14 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Xia2011ExperimentalCO, title={Experimental Characterization of a UWB Channel for Body Area Networks}, author={Lingli Xia and Stephen Redfield and Patrick Chiang}, journal={EURASIP J. Wireless Comm. and Networking}, year={2011}, volume={2011} }