Experiential Aspects of Alcohol‐Induced Blackouts Among College Students

  title={Experiential Aspects of Alcohol‐Induced Blackouts Among College Students},
  author={Aaron M White and Matthew L Signer and Courtney L Kraus and H. Scott Swartzwelder},
  journal={The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse},
  pages={205 - 224}
Our current understanding of alcohol‐induced memory blackouts is derived largely from research with middle‐aged, hospitalized, male alcoholics. In the present study, 50 undergraduate students (34 female and 16 male) with a history of at least one blackout were interviewed to gain insight into their experiences. Fragmentary blackouts, in which memory for events is fragmented, were far more common than blackouts of the en bloc type, in which a period of time is simply missing from memory. Most… 
College Student Knowledge of Blackouts and Implications for Alcohol Intervention: A Qualitative Analysis
College students with a history of blackout have limited understanding of the biological risk factors for blackout and these knowledge gaps represent targets for intervention, indicating promise for blackout-specific interventions.
Distinctions in Alcohol‐Induced Memory Impairment: A Mixed Methods Study of En Bloc Versus Fragmentary Blackouts
Young adults are more permissive of fragmentary than en bloc blackout, and en bloc blackouts may be a target for future interventions.
Reconstructing alcohol-induced memory blackouts
A survey of university students to explore how people choose to reconstruct blackouts, and the likely accuracy of these reconstructions, shows that people's desire to “fill in the blanks” can lead them to rely on rather unreliable sources, and to adopt weaker source-monitoring criteria.
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It is underscored that Greek student affiliation, family history of alcohol abuse, frequency of prepartying, and both playing drinking games and consuming shots of liquor while preparties increased the likelihood of blacking out.
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Heavy alcohol use in college students may be related to impairments in PM, such that participants who were classified as heavier drinkers were more likely to forget to perform the time-based PM task.
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Regardless of the institution, universities across today’s nation are consistently affected by college student alcohol consumption. One concerning issue with college student alcohol consumption is


Prevalence and Correlates of Alcohol-Induced Blackouts Among College Students: Results of an E-Mail Survey
The female students who reported blackouts during the 2 weeks before the survey drank far less than male students did during this time period, supporting the use of gender-specific definitions of risky drinking.
The prognostic importance of blackouts in young men.
The data suggest that blackouts should be viewed as an important warning sign of problem drinking, but not as the "hallmark" of alcoholism.
Loss of Short Term Memory as a Predictor of the Alcoholic “Blackout”
Memory must be observed systematically during drinking periods followed by amnesia, which heretofore has not been done, to confirm that the amnesia is retrograde.
Phenomenological Aspects of the Alcoholic “Blackout”
“Blackout”, a confusing term sometimes denoting amnesia and at other times unconsciousness, has come in the alcoholism literature to designate memory loss associated with drinking alcohol. That
Taking up binge drinking in college: the influences of person, social group, and environment.
Alcoholic "blackouts": a review and clinical study of 100 alcoholics.
This study revealed that more than one-third of the subjects had never experienced a blackout, and that, among those who did report the experience, blackouts generally began well along in the course of alcoholism rather than at an early stage.
Alcohol use and related consequences among students with varying levels of involvement in college athletics.
Male team leaders appeared to be at significantly greater risk than female team leaders; they also consumed more alcohol, binged more often, and suffered more consequences than other team members.
Trends in College Binge Drinking During a Period of Increased Prevention Efforts: Findings from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study Surveys: 1993–2001
The percentages of abstainers and frequent binge drinkers increased, a polarization of drinking behavior first noted in 1997, and a sharp rise in frequent binge drinking was noted among students attending all-women's colleges.
Blackouts increase with age, social class and the frequency of intoxication
Age‐adjusted mean frequencies of blackouts showed an almost linear increase with the frequency of intoxication, and logarithmic transformations were used in multiple regression analysis, which indicated that the frequencyof blackouts was significantly associated with age, social class and the Frequency of intoxicating drinking, but not with marital status or thefrequency of non‐intoxicating drinking.
Two species of alcoholic "blackout".
  • D. W. Goodwin
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1971
The author contrasts this "state-dependent" effect with "amnesia" and explores possible explanations for both.