Between 1973 and 1988 twenty children with osteogenesis imperfecta were treated in the Department of Paediatric Surgery at the University of Berne, Switzerland. Our initial experience with the first 15 children, who had virtually no treatment during infancy and early childhood showed that they later developed severe soft tissue and skeletal deformities. Since resulting contractures and curvatures of the long bones are difficult to correct, we changed our therapeutic approach. Traditional therapy in OI was limited to the correction of bony malformations. Considering the fact, that the different elements of the locomotor system are part of a functional entity, we began early treatment combining physiotherapy and surgery.