Experiences of Codeine Use, Misuse and Dependence: Application of Liese and Franz's Cognitive Developmental Model of Substance Abuse.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Misuse of codeine-containing medicines is an emerging public health issue. AIMS We present the application of Liese and Franz's (1996) cognitive developmental model of substance abuse to the trajectory from legitimate codeine use for pain, towards that of therapeutic and other forms of misuse, and physical and psychological dependence. It… (More)
DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000030

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Cite this paper

@article{Hout2017ExperiencesOC, title={Experiences of Codeine Use, Misuse and Dependence: Application of Liese and Franz's Cognitive Developmental Model of Substance Abuse.}, author={Marie Claire Van Hout and Ian J Norman and Eileen P. Rich and Michael H. Bergin}, journal={Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy}, year={2017}, volume={45 3}, pages={238-252} }