Meta-analysis of the efficacy of the pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio as a predictor of prognosis in renal carcinoma patients receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors
BACKGROUND The VEGFR/PDGFR inhibitor sunitinib was approved in Israel in 2008 for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), based on an international trial. However, the efficacy of sunitinib treatment in Israeli mRCC patients has not been previously reported. OBJECTIVES To report the outcome and associated factors of sunitinib treatment in a large cohort of Israeli mRCC patients. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of an unselected cohort of mRCC patients who were treated with sunitinib during the period 2006-2013 in six Israeli hospitals. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the association between treatment outcome and clinicopathologic factors. RESULTS We identified 145 patients; the median age was 65 years, 63% were male, 80% had a nephrectomy, and 28% had prior systemic treatment. Seventy-nine percent (n = 115) had clinical benefit (complete response 5%, n = 7; partial response 33%, n = 48; stable disease 41%, n = 60); 21% (n = 30) were refractory to treatment. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 12 months and median overall survival 21 months. Factors associated with clinical benefit were sunitinib-induced hypertension: [odds ratio (OR) 3.6, P = 0.042] and sunitinib dose reduction or treatment interruption (OR 2.4, P = 0.049). Factors associated with PFS were female gender [hazard ratio (HR) 2, P = 0.0041, pre-sunitinib treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio < or = 3 (HR 2.19, P = 0.002), and active smoking (HR 0.19, P < 0.0001). Factors associated with overall survival were active smoking (HR 0.25, P < 0.0001) and sunitinib-induced hypertension (HR 0.48, P = 0.005). To minimize toxicity, the dose was reduced or the treatment interrupted in 39% (n = 57). CONCLUSIONS The efficacy of sunitinib treatment for mRCC among Israeli patients is similar to that in international data.